Photosynthesis. Volume I: Energy Conversion by Plants and by Govindjee et al.

By Govindjee et al.

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T h e P r o t o n Motive F o r c e as I n t e r m e d i a t e B . S t o i c h i o m e t r i c s o f t h e C o u p l i n g Process C. T h e A T P a s e s V I . S t r u c t u r e a n d O r g a n i z a t i o n of t h e P h o t o s y n t h e t i c A p p a r a t u s A. M o l e c u l a r O r g a n i z a t i o n B. M e m b r a n e S t r u c t u r e V I I . P h y l o g e n e t i c a n d M e t a b o l i c C o m p a r i s o n s in P h o t o s y n t h e s i s VIII. Concluding Remarks References x ABBREVIATIONS Αι,ι, A , Α Ϊ 3 I 2 ADP, A T P ATP/2e ATPase Β BChl Bph C Chi Cyt 6 19 21 21 25 28 28 31 33 33 34 42 44 44 46 47 48 48 50 51 54 55 P r i m a r y , s e c o n d a r y , a n d t e r t i a r y a c c e p t o r of PSI ( n o m e n c l a t u r e d e s c r i b e d by P a r s o n a n d K e , this v o l u m e ) A d e n o s i n e di- a n d t r i p h o s p h a t e R a t i o of A T P p e r p a i r of e l e c t r o n s t r a n s f e r r e d A T P - h y d r o l a s e t h a t is d r i v e n as a n A T P - s y n t h a s e by t h e free e n ­ e r g y of t h e e l e c t r o n t r a n s p o r t r e d o x r e a c t i o n s S e c o n d a r y a c c e p t o r q u i n o n e o f P S I I (also called R) B a c t e r i o c h l o r o p h y l l ; also, B C h l a, b (c, d a n d e) Bacteriopheophytin A special ( b a c t e r i o ) c h l o r o p h y l l i m p l i c a t e d as a very early, inter­ m e d i a t e e l e c t r o n a c c e p t o r in t h e p h o t o c h e m i s t r y of p u r p l e b a c t e r i a and PSII C h l o r o p h y l l ; also, C h i a, b (c, d, a n d e) Cytochrome(s) 17 Photosynthesis: Energy Conversion by Plants a n d Bacteria, V o l .

1975). In " B i o e n e r g e t i c s of P h o t o s y n t h e s i s " (Govindjee, e d . ) , p p . 3 1 9 - 3 7 1 . A c a d e m i c Press, N e w Y o r k . , a n d O l l i n g e r , O . (1980). FEBS Lett. 110, 5 7 - 6 1 . R a o , Κ. , a n d H a l l , D. O . (1977). In " P h o t o s y n t h e s i s in Relation to M o d e l S y s t e m s " (J. B a r b e r , e d . ) , p p . 2 9 9 - 3 2 9 . Elsevier, A m s t e r d a m . , a n d C l a y t o n , R. K. (1968). Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 3 0 , 4 7 1 - 4 7 5 .

T h i s is not in a g r e e m e n t with t h e f o r m a t i o n of a s e m i q u i n o n e b u t is consistent with a n Fe—S c e n t e r . H o w e v e r , t h e s p e c t r u m is difficult to i n t e r p r e t a n d has significant c o n t r i b u t i o n s from electrochromic effects o n t h e RC p i g m e n t s . E l e c t r o c h r o m i c shifts a r e well established for t h e P S I I a n d bacterial acceptors (van G o r k o m , 1974; V e r m e g l i o a n d Clayton, 1977). I > 3 2 l2 2 As yet, d a t a o n t h e g r e e n bacteria a r e still sparse.

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