By Zinoviy L. Rabinovich (auth.), John Impagliazzo, Eduard Proydakov (eds.)
This booklet includes a choice of completely refereed papers derived from the 1st IFIP WG 9.7 convention on Soviet and Russian Computing, held in Petrozavodsk, Russia, in July 2006. The 32 revised papers have been rigorously chosen from various submissions; a lot of them have been translated from Russian. They mirror a lot of the shining background of computing actions in the former Soviet Union from its origins within the Fifties with the 1st desktops used for army decision-making difficulties as much as the trendy interval the place Russian ICT grew considerably, in particular within the box of customized programming.
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Extra resources for Perspectives on Soviet and Russian Computing: First IFIP WG 9.7 Conference, SoRuCom 2006, Petrozavodsk, Russia, July 3-7, 2006, Revised Selected Papers
Some Hardware Aspects of the BESM-6 Design 23 The base for the system of semiconductor logical elements was a differential amplifier with common emitter and wide pyramid of diode logic (Fig. 3). It included back link gates for the latch function and had an AND-OR-AND-pyramid to set the latch in definite state. One may say that this logical element base supported original construction solutions that allow the design of a very effective and reliable computer. Fig. 3. Basic logical unit Four amplifiers with backward gates were placed in one physical block (Fig.
Special commands closed a communication session. During a session, the user mail service could perform the following tasks. o o o o Automatic receipt approval of all messages, Automatic support of message order preservation, Message transfer only if the input buffers of the receiving party have the appropriate empty space, Interrupt transfer. Messages were not sufficient to perform all practical tasks during phone-like communication. Interrupts were used for fast transfer of data of bounded volume (with a speed higher than the speed of a message) and to remove some messages from the association.
Organizational of work. Deliverables. Calculating the remainder absolute value. Multiplication with 2n bits output. Addition with 2n bits. Developing the method of special operations production. Addition with exponent blocking. One-address instruction variant. Reading of this notebook helps us to follow the entire process of gradual (though very fast) understanding of the future computer structure. The first date marked in the notebook is 7 July 1950, when Lebedev was already working on both projects – bringing the MESM model to operational mode and developing the first “real” computer BESM.