Performance and Durability Assessment. Optical Material for by Michael Köhl, Bo Carlsson, Gary Jorgensen and A.W. Czanderna

By Michael Köhl, Bo Carlsson, Gary Jorgensen and A.W. Czanderna (Eds.)

Content material:
Preface

, Pages v-viii, Michael Köhl, Bo Carlsson, Gary Jorgensen, A.W. Czanderna
List of Contributors

, Page ix
Chapter 1.1 - creation to the functionality and sturdiness evaluation of Optical fabrics for sunlight Thermal Systems

, Pages 3-16, B. Carlsson, G. Jorgensen, M. Köhl
Chapter 2.1 - Optical homes and Measurements

, Pages 19-55, A. Roos
Chapter 2.2 - functionality versions of sun creditors and Systems

, Pages 57-70, U. Frei
Chapter 2.3 - process functionality and Testing

, Pages 71-84, U. Frei, H. Oversloot
Chapter 2.4 - functionality necessities and Criteria

, Pages 85-90, M. Köhl
Chapter 2.5 - functionality Indicators

, Pages 91-94, M. Köhl, M. Köhl, G. Jorgensen
Chapter 3.1 - Environmental pressure Conditions

, Pages 97-100, M. Heck, M. Köhl
Chapter 3.2 - Measurements of Environmental rigidity stipulations and evaluate for carrier lifestyles Prediction

, Pages 101-110, S. Brunold, B. Carlsson, okay. Möller
Chapter 3.3 - overview of the strain Conditions

, Pages 111-124, M. Heck, M. Köhl
Chapter 3.4 - Correlation among Microclimate and Macroclimate

, Pages 125-137, Ole Holck, M. Heck, Michael Köhl
Chapter 4.1 - normal Methodology

, Pages 141-145, B. Carlsson
Chapter 4.2 - preliminary hazard research of power Failure Modes

, Pages 147-157, B. Carlsson
Chapter 4.3 - Qualification Testing

, Pages 159-173, B. Carlsson
Chapter 4.4 - sped up Indoor Testing

, Pages 175-195, S. Brunold, M. Köhl, ok. Möller, B. Carlsson
Chapter 4.5 - carrier existence Prediction from result of sped up Aging

, Pages 197-224, B. Carlsson
Chapter 4.6 - Nonmechanistic Phenomenological remedy of Glazings and Reflectors

, Pages 225-234, G. Jorgensen
Chapter 4.7 - outdoors publicity Testing

, Pages 235-253, G. Jorgensen
Chapter 4.8 - Analytical suggestions for learning sunlight fabrics Degradation Processes

, Pages 255-270, ok. Möller
Chapter 5.1 - Rain Tightness

, Pages 273-278, O. Holck, S. Svendsen
Chapter 5.2 - Optimization of the air flow cost in Flat-Plate Collectors

, Pages 279-287, M. Heck, V. Kübler, M. Köhl
Chapter 5.3 - directions for proscribing Environmental pressure components in Glazed, Ventilated sun Collectors

, Pages 289-296, O. Holck, S. Svendsen
Chapter 5.4 - Modeling of Microclimates

, Pages 297-326, O. Holck, S. Svendsen
Chapter 5.5 - air flow expense checking out Procedure

, Pages 327-335, O. Holck
Chapter 6.1 - Screening exams of Candidate Polymeric Glazings

, Pages 339-348, G. Jorgensen
Chapter 6.2 - Case examine on Polymeric Glazings

, Pages 349-387, G. Jorgensen, S. Brunold, B. Carlsson, M. Heck, okay. Möller
Index

, Pages 389-395

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Example text

The level of Ught trapping increases with sample thickness. When calculating the absorptance as ^ = 1 — /? — T, the value of A may become too large. In fact, it is always a good idea to calculate the absorptance to check the measurements. If ^ < 0, which indeed happens, then something in the measurements is wrong. If A is considerably greater than zero when measuring a dielectric sample with very low internal absorptance, then again something is wrong. 1-19. The idea is that the illuminating beam must be considerably smaller than the sample port.

The throughput of the integrating sphere is not the same for the sample reading as for the reference reading. 1-21. Diffuse reflectance spectra of a low scattering tin oxide film on glass showing the difference between corrected and uncorrected spectra. From reference Ronnow and Roos (1994). 48 Optical Materials for Solar Thermal Sy terns transmittance of the sample is calculated, but the angular distribution of the transmitted Hght becomes an additional problem. The correction factor for Hght scattered by the sample is not the same as the factor for specularly transmitted light.

Roos, A. (1995) Correction Factors for Reflectance and Transmittance Measurements of Scattering Samples in Focussing Coblentz Spheres and Integrating Spheres, Rev. Sci. , 66, 2411-22. Ronnow, D. & Veszelei, E. (1994) Design Review of an Instrument for Spectroscopic Total Integrated Light Scattering Measurements in the Visible Wavelength Region, Rev. Sci. , 65, 327-334. Roos, A. -G. (1988) Interpretation of Integrating Sphere Signal Output for Non-Lambertian Samples, Appl. , 27, 3833-3837. Roos, A.

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