By Arend Lijphart
During this up-to-date and extended variation of his vintage textual content, Arend Lijphart deals a broader and deeper research of globally democratic associations than ever sooner than. interpreting thirty-six democracies in the course of the interval from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important-and unexpected-conclusions approximately what kind of democracy works most sensible.
Praise for the former edition:
"Magnificent...The best-researched booklet on democracy on the planet today."-Malcolm Mackerras, American evaluation of Politics
"I can't contemplate one other pupil besides certified as Lijphart to put in writing a booklet of this sort. He has an awesome take hold of of the appropriate literature, and he's compiled an unrivaled number of data."-Robert A. Dahl, Yale collage
"This sound comparative examine ...will remain a customary in graduate and undergraduate classes in comparative politics."-Choice
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Additional info for Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-six Countries (2nd Edition)
A large minority is excluded from power and condemned to the role of opposition. Especially since 1945, there have been few exceptions to the British norm of one-party majority cabinets. David Butler (1978, 112) writes that “clear-cut single-party government has been much less prevalent than many would suppose,” but most of the deviations from the norm—coalitions of two or more parties or minority cabinets—occurred from 1918 to 1945. The only instances of minority cabinets in the postwar period were two minority Labour cabinets in the 1970s.
2. Cabinet dominance. In this respect, too, New Zealand was a perfect example of the Westminster model. Just as during most of the postwar period in the United Kingdom, the combination of the parliamentary system of government and a two-party system with cohesive parties made the cabinet predominate over the legislature. In the words of New Zealand political scientist Stephen Levine (1979, 25–26), the “rigidly disciplined two-party system has contributed to the concentration of power within the Cabinet, formed from among the Members of Parliament .
Britain, where the Westminster model originated, is clearly the ﬁrst and most obvious example to use. In many respects, however, New Zealand is an even better example—at least until its sharp turn away from majoritarianism in October 1996. The third example—Barbados—is also an almost perfect prototype of the Westminster model, although only as far as the ﬁrst (executivesparties) dimension of the majoritarian-consensus contrast is concerned. In the following discussion of the ten majoritarian characteristics in the three countries, I emphasize not only their conformity with the general model but also occasional deviations from the model, as well as various other qualiﬁcations that need to be made.