On modern Jewish politics by Ezra Mendelsohn

By Ezra Mendelsohn

This advisor deals an research of the complexities of contemporary Jewish politics within the interwar ecu and American diaspora. Mendelsohn presents a typology of Jewish political events and firms, dividing them into......A variety of colleges and finding their middle parts. Mendelsohn concludes with a dialogue of the nice adjustments that experience happened considering that international conflict II. forms -- Geography -- Dynamics -- charm -- luck? -- Comparisons -- Conclusions: Then and Now This e-book is a concise advisor to and research of the complexities of recent Jewish politics within the interwar eu and American diaspora. "Jewish politics" refers back to the varied and opposing visions of the Jewish destiny as formulated by means of a variety of Jewish political events and firms and their efforts to enforce their courses and thereby remedy the "Jewish question." Mendelsohn starts off by means of trying a typology of those Jewish political events and organisations, dividing them right into a variety of faculties or "camps." He then indicates a "geography" of Jewish politics through finding the center components of a few of the camps. There follows an research of the contest one of the quite a few Jewish political camps for hegemony within the Jewish world--an research that can pay specific cognizance to the placement within the usa and Poland, the 2 biggest diasporas, within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties. the ultimate chapters ask the next questions: what have been the assets of allure of some of the Jewish political camps (such because the Jewish left and Jewish nationalism), to what volume did a number of the factions reach their efforts to enforce their plans for the Jewish destiny, and the way have been Jewish politics just like, or assorted from, the politics of alternative minority teams in Europe and the US? Mendelsohn concludes with a dialogue of the nice adjustments that experience happened on this planet of Jewish politics when you consider that global warfare II

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All believed that contemporary Jewish society was dominated by the Jewish "bourgeoisie," an element also difficult to define but one that had to be gotten rid of via class warfare or at least weakened in some way. This is the way the leader of the Jewish needle workers' union in a Polish town put it in a novel by Michal Bursztyn: "Our enemies are the master artisans. For us they are the representatives of capitalism in Ployne. They and, of course, . . "57 The Jewish left was divided not only by different interpretations of the essence of socialism but by most of the "Jewish" issues that we have already discussed.

For the secular Zionists the answers were fairly obvious. They naturally looked with favor on the very distant but not forgotten centuries of Jewish independence in Palestine, and among their heroes were those ancient Jewish warriors who had fought the good fight to conquer their country or to liberate it from foreign oppression—like Bar Kokhba, who led a valiant (but unsuccessful, even disastrous) revolt against Rome, and the more successful Judah Maccabee, who defeated the Hellenized Syrians.

Thus it included within its ranks numerous socialist Zionist organizations—all of which wished to create a Jewish socialist or "labor" Fig. 9: The Jewish Working Class in America. A portrayal by an American proCommunist artist of the Jewish laboring masses—potential socialists or Communists. (William Cropper, Biographical Cartoon, 1925-26. Photograph by Geoffrey Clements. ) 30 On Modern Jewish Politics society on the national soil of Palestine—as well as the fiercely anti- Zionist Bund—a proponent of Diaspora nationalism that wished to transform Poland and the other countries where it was active into socialist societies in which the national cultural rights of all minorities would be guaranteed by law.

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