Nitrogen-fixing Actinorhizal Symbioses by C.T. Wheeler, A.D.L Akkermans, A.M. Berry (auth.), Katharina

By C.T. Wheeler, A.D.L Akkermans, A.M. Berry (auth.), Katharina Pawlowski, William E. Newton (eds.)

This ebook is the self-contained 6th quantity of a accomplished sequence on nitrogen fixation. It offers the cutting-edge with reference to actinorhizal symbioses. Like legumes, actinorhizal crops shape root nodules that host nitrogen-fixing soil micro organism. even though, as the macrosymbionts are, with one exception, woody crops instead of crop crops, actinorhizal symbioses are much less famous than legume symbioses to which they're phylogenetically similar. Actinorhizal vegetation come from 8 diversified households. they could develop on marginal soils through advantage of those symbioses and are used commonly in reforestation, soil reclamation, and wilderness agroforestry. the variety of the concerned host crops poses numerous demanding situations to the actinorhizal symbiosis and leads to fascinating suggestions, for instance, to deal with the O2 difficulty or nutrient trade among plant and bacterium. The actinorhizal micro-symbionts are Gram-positive actinomycetes of the genus Frankia. the lack to tradition a number of actinorhizal microsymbionts has ended in the advance of various molecular ideas for pressure id. This quantity contains chapters that care for a lot of these facets of the symbiosis and either symbionts plus their ecological function and use. different chapters take on the worldwide distribution of other actinorhizal vegetation and their microsymbionts and the way this affects the query of co-evolution of the micro- and macrosymbionts in addition to evaluating the actinorhizal and leguminous symbioses. No different publication offers the updated and in-depth assurance of this quantity, that's meant to function an necessary reference paintings for educational, governmental, and business scientists operating during this quarter, to introduce scholars to the worldwide value of this organization, and to supply technology directors with prepared entry to very important proper information.

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Natl. Acad. Sci. , 92, 2647-2651. Steele, D. , and Stowers, M. D. (1986). Superoxide dismutase and catalase in Frankia. Can. J. , 32, 409-413. Stewart, W. D. , Fitzgerald, G. , and Burris, R. H. (1967). In situ studies on N2 fixation using the acetylene reduction technique. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. , 58, 2071-2078. Stevens, G. , and Berry, A. M. (1988). Cytokinin secretion by Frankia sp. HFPArI3 in defined medium. , 87, 15-16. Stowers, M. D. (1985). Further studies on the nodulating potential of Rubus ellipticus by the actinomycete Frankia.

McNeill, J. , and Wheeler, C. T. (1996). Competitivity and persistence of Frankia in a managed environment. In K. A. Malik, M. S. Mirza, and J. K. ), Nitrogen fixation with non-legumes. Proceedings of the 7th international symposium, Faisalabad (pp. 315-326). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer. ACTINORHIZAL SYMBIOSES: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE 21 McKee, H. S. (1962). Fixation of free atmospheric nitrogen. In H. S. ), Nitrogen metabolism in plants (pp. 39-102). Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. Meesters, T.

1999b). Genetic transformation of Casuarina glauca. In Y. P. ), Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, 44. Transgenic trees (pp. 15-28). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. Gardner, I. C. (1986). Mycorrhizae of actinorhizal plants. , 2, 147-160. , Diem, H. , and Dommergues, Y. R. (1985). Assessment of N2 fixation by Casuarina equisetifolia inoculated with Frankia ORS021001 using 15N methods. Soil Biol. , 17, 375-379. , Berry, A. , and Bogusz, D. (1997). Cloning of a full-length hemoglobin cDNA and in situ localization of the corresponding mRNA in Casuarina glauca root nodule.

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