By J. Bahcall, W. Haxton, K. Kubodera, C. Poole
Neutrinos play a key function in lots of components of particle physics, nuclear physics and astrophysics. the new discovery of neutrino oscillation has given the 1st trace of latest physics past the traditional version. in actual fact, this can be very vital to review extra the oscillation and different basic houses of neutrinos. it's also very important to enhance our wisdom of neutrino-nucleus reactions, that are the most important for knowing a wide category of astrophysical phenomena. those and lots of different attention-grabbing questions could be investigated at stopped pion neutrino amenities just like the one deliberate for the Spallation Neutron resource on the Oak Ridge nationwide Laboratory. the aim of the Carolina Symposium was once fold: to discover and alternate rules at the most up-to-date advancements generally frontiers of neutrino physics and similar fields; and to deal with particular concerns referring to the above-mentioned stopped pion neutrino facility. one of the themes lined within the complaints are: cosmology and neutrino; common version checks with neutrinos; neutrino oscillation, experiments and theories; darkish topic seek; double beta-decay; infrequent occasions detection thoughts; the sunlight neutrino challenge; supernova explosion, nucleosynthesis; and the ORLaND venture.
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Are abundant in the ejecta of the explosion. The shock wave resulting from core bounce produces peak temperatures of ~ (1—3)-109K as it traverses the silicon, oxygen, and neon shells. This shock wave heating induces proton and a reactions like (7, a) <-> (a, 7) which generate a mass flow toward highly bound nuclei, resulting in the synthesis of iron peak elements as well as less abundant oddA species. Rapid neutron-capture reactions are thought to take place in the high-entropy atmosphere just above the mass cut, producing about half of the heavy elements above A ~ 80.
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