Neighborhood and Community Environments by Leanne G. Rivlin (auth.), Irwin Altman, Abraham Wandersman

By Leanne G. Rivlin (auth.), Irwin Altman, Abraham Wandersman (eds.)

This 9th quantity within the sequence bargains with a desirable and complicated subject within the setting and behaviour box. Neighborhoods and com­ munities are in numerous levels of formation and transition in nearly each society, kingdom, and tradition. a number of political, monetary, and social components have led to the formation of recent groups and the transformation of older groups. hence we see nomadic humans set­ tling into strong groups, new cities sprouting up world wide, carrying on with suburban sprawl, simultaneous deterioration, re­ newal and gentrification of city components, demographic adjustments in com­ munities, etc. As in prior volumes, the diversity of content material, idea, and techniques represented within the a number of chapters is meant to be largely established, with views rooted in numerous disciplines-anthropology, background, psychology, sociology, city reviews. even supposing many different disciplines additionally play a huge function within the research and figuring out of neigh­ borhoods and neighborhood environments, we are hoping that the contributions to this quantity will no less than current readers with a vast sampling-if now not a entire treatment-of the topic.

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For the young and healthy, this may not be impossible, but for families or the elderly or people who are ill, the ability to travel is sorely constrained. It is true that some homeless persons have created life support systems for themselves in railroad stations or other public areas, but this is neither easy Neighborhood, Personal Identity, Group Affiliations 27 nor commonplace. Others weave together a series of settings and services to sustain themselves. In some rare cases, their presence over time may lead to some tolerance on the part of others in the area, but this, too, is unusual.

Physical landmarks also can act as reminders of a locality's significance as they identify areas and provide distinctive descriptors for them. The converse of the establishment of roots, failure to develop attachments in an area, may threaten health and well-being (Stokols, Shumaker, & Martinez, 1983) and lead to poor mental health (Shumaker & Taylor, 1983). Roots and attachment thus act to strengthen and nurture, although some people apparently do not require propinquity to establish these connections.

Its cycle is keyed to a visible force, and its variance from the secular calendar (which they cannot ignore) also can act to bind the group more closely together. And this time scheme is conspicuous in the shops, in the dress of group members, in the signs as significant holidays or the Sabbath approach. 22 Leanne G. Rivlin For the Lubavitch, the neighborhood, its Jewish people, landmarks, and resources act to encourage a form of group place-identity where the setting contributes in distinctive ways to the uniqueness and cohesiveness of the group.

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