Cattle creation contributed approximately $123 billion to the U.S. economic climate in 2006. based on issues approximately animal affliction outbreaks, the U.S. division of Agriculture (USDA) introduced in December 2003 that it can enforce a nation-wide application - later named the nationwide Animal id process (NAIS) - to assist manufacturers and animal healthiness officers reply fast and successfully to animal illness occasions within the United States.In this context, the writer decided: how successfully USDA is imposing NAIS and, particularly, the major concerns pointed out via cattle teams, industry operators, nation officers, and others; how USDA has allotted co-operative contract money to aid states and arrange for NAIS and evaluated the agreements' effects; and, what USDA and others estimate are the prices for USDA, states, and to enforce NAIS. In undertaking its paintings, the authors reviewed USDA files; interviewed supplier, undefined, and country officers; and consulted 32 animal identity (ID) specialists. this can be an edited and excerpted version.
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Extra info for National Animal Identification System
Third, creating a robust process for selecting, setting standards for, and independently testing and evaluating animal ID and tracking devices in meeting NAIS standards is important to ensure effectiveness and interoperability across the national program and, therefore, would encourage investment. Fourth, identifying time-sensitive and cost-effective goals for traceback, which may vary by disease, would allow stakeholders to have common goals in responding to an event, potentially speeding up response and, therefore, minimizing economic losses.
The 32 experts were evenly split on whether contracting or horizontal consolidation would increase as a result of NAIS— 16 said those effects would definitely or probably be more likely to occur, and 16 said those effects would not occur or are probably less likely to occur. Twenty experts said vertical integration would not occur or is probably less likely to occur, while 12 said vertical integration is definitely or probably more likely to occur. Regarding price effects at the retail level of meat and/or animal products, 12 experts thought prices would be higher; 15 thought there would be no effect; and 5 believed they would be lower.
The 18 states that have registered between 11 percent and 25 percent of premises may spend up to 30 percent of their funding on animal tracking infrastructure, while the 8 states that have registered between 6 percent and 10 percent of premises may spend up to 20 percent of funding on animal tracking infrastructure. Finally, those states that have registered less than 6 percent of premises are required to spend 100 percent of funds on outreach and premises registration. Chapter 5 TOTAL NAIS PROGRAM COSTS HAVE NOT BEEN DETERMINED, BUT USDA RECENTLY ANNOUNCED PLANS TO DEVELOP A COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS USDA has not determined the program costs for NAIS but recently announced plans to hire a contractor to conduct a cost-benefit analysis for NAIS, in part to more precisely forecast the economic effects of the program.