Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of Plants Living on Fungi by Vincent S. F. T. Merckx (auth.), Vincent Merckx (eds.)

By Vincent S. F. T. Merckx (auth.), Vincent Merckx (eds.)

Over the process evolution, numerous plant lineages have discovered how you can receive water, minerals, and carbohydrates from fungi. a few vegetation are capable take advantage of fungi to such an quantity that they lose the necessity for photosynthesis. the facility of a plant to live to tell the tale fungal carbon is called mycoheterotrophy. This fascinating procedure has interested botanists for hundreds of years, but many elements of mycoheterotrophy have remained elusive for an extended time.

Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of crops dwelling on Fungi explores the biology of mycoheterotrophs, supplying basic insights into their ecology, variety, and evolution. Written through well known specialists within the box and reinforced with lavish illustrations and pictures, this quantity offers a thematic evaluation of alternative features of mycoheterotrophy. entire and quite simply obtainable, Mycoheterotrophy: The Biology of vegetation residing on Fungi is a useful source for researchers and scholars who're drawn to the method of mycoheterotrophy.

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Jap. Bot 17: 190 (1941). , Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79: 97 (1994). ) M. N. Tamura in Kubitski, Fam. & Gen. Vasc. Pl. 3: 390 (1998). Achlorophyllous and mycoheterotrophic (Petrosavia) or autotrophic (Japonolirion) herbs. Rhizome slender, creeping to erect, with scale-like leaves. Roots filiform. Stems erect, simple. Leaves cauline, reduced to scales and distichous (Petrosavia) or basal, linear, and spiral (Japonolirion). Inflorescence a terminal bracteate raceme, sometimes corymbiform; each flower subtended by a well-developed bract and possessing a single bracteole in the same radius as one of inner tepals.

Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85: 58 (2000). Evergreen shrubs or trees, usually with straight trunk and more or less horizontal branches. Branching typically with extra, weaker branches along the trunk between the main tiers of 3 and 5 major branches. Leaves usually spirally arranged, or in pairs radiating around the twig, or arranged distichously on more or less flat rows on either side of predominantly horizontal branchlets, needle-like, or broader leaves, usually with a single vein. Plants monoecious or dioecious.

Presl, Suppl. Tent. Pteridogr. 56 (1845). , Linnaea 20: 437 (1847), nom. inval. Holubiella Škoda, Preslia 68(4): 345 (1996, publ. 1997). Perennial or annual, terrestrial or epiphytic herbs. Rhizomes short, usually erect, terminating in an erect exposed bud. Leaves erect or pendent, glabrous, somewhat fleshy or leathery, consisting of a petiole and separate sterile and fertile portions of the blade. Sterile blade simple or palmately lobed, sessile or short-stalked, venation reticulate, the primary areoles enclosing free veinlets and sometimes secondary areoles.

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