By H. Domínguez-Ruvalcaba
This ebook appears at representations of the male physique, sexuality and gear within the arts in Mexico. It analyses literature, visible paintings and cinema made out of the 1870s to the current, concentrating on the Porfirian regime, the Post-revolutionary period, the decadence of the innovative kingdom and the emergence of the neo-liberal order within the Nineteen Eighties.
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Extra resources for Modernity and the Nation in Mexican Representations of Masculinity: From Sensuality to Bloodshed
How can a gaze be the central factor of effeminacy? In his chronicle “Ojos que da pánico soñar” [Eyes that cause panic when dreamed], José Joaquín Blanco offers a series of adjectives that describe this gaze: “sesgadas, fijas, lujuriosas, sentimentales, socarronas, rehuyentes, ansiosas, rebeldes, serviles, irónicas” (1981, 83) [slanted, fixed, lecherous, sentimental, sarcastic, evasive, anxious, rebellious, servile, and ironic]. A mixture of defensiveness, desire, and submissiveness is articulated in this reading of the homosexual gaze.
They are the reiteration of sameness, pulverizing the self to the point of complete loss of meaning. In the painting Marcha, Nahum goes so far as to depict himself repeatedly as part of a multitude attending mass. With these multiplications, transvestism functions in Zenil’s works as a machine that designifies both the dresses and the self. ” While Graciela Iturbide’s photograph erases the nationalist dress by conveying its erosion (or incompleteness); in Zenil’s paintings the signs that were originally conferred on the clothes lose their Perturbing Dress 49 identifying marks to the point of not affecting any aspect of the body they cover.
On the one hand, this cartoon conforms to the idea that effeminacy is a foreign (antinational) influence, and therefore the seduction of fashion must be rejected; on the other hand, this man is weak and cannot avoid being introduced to the prohibited fascination with color. The male is seduced by dresses; an unexpected attraction for cross-dressing is enough to erase his virility and the nation in one stroke. Erasing gender marked by cross-dressing becomes a battlefield where the exteriors of the masculine and the feminine are easily exchangeable.