By Stephen Crook
Modernist Radicalism and its Aftermath explores the ways that Marx, Durkheim, Althusser and Habermas have all been drawn in the direction of foundationalism, and gives a framework for the research of foundationalism in social idea. The articulation of another "post foundational" radicalism is way from uncomplicated. vital topics are pointed out within the paintings of Simmel, Weber, and Adorno and in a few postmodernist thought, yet they're at consistent danger of regression into metaphysics or nihilism. The booklet closes with a plea for radicalism that can keep the responsibility of inquiry whereas dealing with as much as the contingency of worth. Modernist Radicalism and its Aftermath bargains either an interpretation of "classical" social conception and a presentation of up to date debates on modernity and postmodernism.
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Additional info for Modernist Radicalism and its Aftermath: Foundationalism and Anti-Foundationalism in Radical Social Theory
The doctrine first appears in The Rules through the well-known, and much criticised, 14 definition of ‘social facts’ as external to, and constraining of, individuals (Durkheim, 1964a: 13). : 28). In the second chapter of The Rules, the objectivity of the social is established in a linked series of oppositions between two chains of terms: individualityteleology/ will-ideology versus objectivity-causality-science. ‘The social’ moves independently of the teleological grid through which individual will and consciousness try to appropriate it.
The Dualism of Human Nature’ of 1914 aligns three familiar Durkheimian oppositions between subject-object, individual-collective and profane-sacred. These oppositions are concentrated in the duality which human beings ‘feel’, and which all civilisations recognise in variants of body-soul dualism. They 40 THE IDEA OF MODERNIST RADICALISM correspond ‘to the double existence that we lead concurrently, the one purely individual and rooted in our organisms, the other social and nothing but an extension of society’ (Durkheim, 1960:337).
These issues are rehearsed in relation to a distinction between two broad strategies which each have a place 20 INTRODUCTION within post-foundational radicalism, but which are not to be pressed into a unity. Radical enquiry into the ‘great organs and systems’ of society is best conceived as a ‘mundane’ enquiry (to twist a concept of Pollner’s) conducted under the auspices of a pragmatic relation to the interests of social members. Here, social theorists’ and social members’ ‘syntheses’ of society intersect.