Missionary Scientists: Jesuit Science in Spanish South by Andres I. Prieto

By Andres I. Prieto

Missionary Scientists explores the clinical actions of Jesuit missionaries in colonial Spanish the United States, revealing a little-known element of religions function within the scholarship of the early Spanish Empire. Grounded in an exam of the writings and contributors authors who have been lively in South American naturalist stories, this research outlines new paths of study frequently missed through present scholarship.What turns into transparent all through Missionary Scientists is that early missionaries have been adept in adapting to neighborhood practices, to be able to either comprehend the clinical foundations of those thoughts and ingratiate themselves to the local groups. Spanning the disciplines of background, faith, and Latin American reviews, Missionary Scientists reshapes our figuring out of the significance of the Jesuit missions in constructing early clinical traditions within the New global.

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The ambitious project of reduction required the presence of priests residing among the natives to ensure their effective evangelization, and there were simply too few secular priests in the land to cover all the newly created parishes. The Jesuit refusal to accept parochial duties, a fact aggravated by their abandonment of Huarochiri in 1572, was seen by Toledo as a clear violation of the Crown’s authority in ecclesiastical matters. Toledo believed that the only reason Philip II had authorized the Jesuits’ move to Peru was for them to go to the doctrinas and evangelize the native population.

While there, Acosta had had the opportunity to meet with two of the realm’s foremost experts on Andean affairs, Juan de Matienzo and Polo de Ondegardo, both of them acting as the viceroy’s counselors. 34 Based on these experiences, Acosta proposed to the Jesuit assembly four ways to increase their presence among the native communities. The first and most important was to take on parochial duties, accepting the doctrinas. The second was to increase the itinerant missions to the countryside, going deeper and for longer periods of time into the lands inhabited by the Andean communities.

Upon graduating from Medina del Campo in 1557, Acosta was assigned to several Jesuit colleges in Spain and Portugal where he taught Latin. In 1559, the Jesuit superiors ordered him to enroll in the university at Alcala de Henares to continue his education. 31 Acosta’s talents did not go unnoticed by the Jesuit superiors. ”32 These reports show the remarkable accuracy with which the Jesuit superiors evaluated their charges. In time, Acosta would excel as a writer, philosopher, and theologian. His tenure as superior of the Jesuit Peruvian province would also prove to be a momentous period for the Society of Jesus: a period that would define the subsequent activities of the order in South America.

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