Lipids and Lipid Polymers in Higher Plants by P. Sitte (auth.), Prof. Dr. Manfred Tevini, Prof. Dr.

By P. Sitte (auth.), Prof. Dr. Manfred Tevini, Prof. Dr. Hartmut K. Lichtenthaler (eds.)

This publication includes a variety of papers facing the most themes of a Symposium on "Lipids and Lipid Polymers in larger Plants", held in July 1976 on the Botanical Institute of the college of Karlsruhe. The symposium was once geared up by means of Professors E. Heinz, H.K. Lichtenthaler, H.K. Mangold, and M. Tevini. The sponsorship through the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Erwin-Riesch-Stiftung is gratefully stated. The goal of the Symposium was once to compile in a single position scientists operating in very varied fields of plant lipids, equivalent to fatty acids, glycolipids, phospholipids, prenyllipids, sterols, and lipid polymers. The emphasis used to be put on biosynthesis, distribution, functionality, and body structure of some of the better plant lipids and their function in biomembranes and epidermal phone partitions. through combining the most important contributions during this ebook, we are hoping to offer all plant scientists entry to the new advancements in biochemistry and body structure of plant lipid metabolism. The editors are very thankful to the participants, who've taken nice care to provide up to date experiences. Karlsruhe, may possibly 1977 M. TEVINI H.K. LICHTENTHALER Contents part 1. functionality, association and Lipid Composition of Biomembranes bankruptcy 1. practical association of Biomembranes P. SITTE (With 15 Figures) A. creation. . . . . 1 B. Membrane capabilities . 2 I. Membrane range 2 II. Membranes as obstacles four III. Lipids and Permeability . five IV. particular delivery . . . eight V. Membrane movement and Membrane households nine VI. basic rules of mobile Compartmentation 10 C. Membrane Biogenesis. . . . . . . . . . . . .

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TIBS I, 33-36 (1976) 4. Bardele, C. : Particle movement in heliozoan axopods associated with lateral displacement of highly ordered membrane domains. Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 190-194 (1976) 5. : The concept of membrane flow and membrane vesiculation as mechanisms for active transport and ion pumping. J. Biophys. Biochem. Cyto!. , 99-103 (1956) 6. : Lichtabhangige Membranpotentiale bei Pflanzen. Ber. Deut. Botan. Ges. 87, 515-528 (1974) 7. : Specificities of transport systems and enzymes. Science 168, 1539-1545 (1970) 8.

Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1976 56. : Plant Cell Biology -An Ultrastructural Approach. London: Arnold 1975 57. Harris, EJ. ): Transport and Accumulation in Biological Systems, 3rd ed. London: Butterworth 1972 58. : Biological Membranes. Their Structure and Function. Glasgow: Blackie & Son 1976 59. : Lipid and protein organization in Sindbis virus. J. Mol. BioI. 60, 523-528 (1971) 60. , Djavadi-Ohaniance, L. ): The structural Basis of Membrane Function. New York-San Franciso-London: Academic Press 1976 61.

This means that there must be transport of sterols from the site of synthesis to the chloroplast, and it has been suggested that sterol esters are involved [10], although current views favour sterol glycosides for this role. It must be concluded that the chloroplast probably cannot make its own acetyl-CoA, but can convert acetyl-CoA into MV A and can convert MV A into various terpenes, in particular carotenoids, but not into sterols. At least some of the enzymes concerned with carotenoid biosynthesis are not themselves synthesized within the chloroplast.

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