Linus Pauling: scientist and peacemaker, a centenary volume by Clifford Mead, Thomas Hager

By Clifford Mead, Thomas Hager

Essentially the most significant scientists and such a lot debatable members of the 20 th century, Linus Pauling was once the single individual to win unshared Nobel Prizes. This distinct quantity, first released to mark the centenary of Pauling’s delivery, gathers his phrases and people of his contemporaries and scholars, including photos, drawings, and reproductions from the Pauling Papers. Pauling (1901-1994) used to be identified for being outspoken and for jumping over clinical boundaries—from physics to chemistry to biology to scientific study. This assortment attracts a shiny portrait of a amazing man—scientist, humanist, and activist—highlighting his larger-than-life character and his singular achievements. As either scientist and citizen, Pauling was once passionate and deeply considerate. He wrote the character of the Chemical Bond, essentially the most stated resources in medical historical past, and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954. He risked his recognition through the McCarthy years as a vocal opponent of chilly conflict rules and nuclear proliferation. for that reason, he was once vilified through the click, investigated via the FBI, and offered the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize. within the Nineteen Seventies, Pauling back won overseas attractiveness, this time for his advocacy of megadoses of diet C as a remedy for melanoma and chilly prevention.

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Abstract Isolated chloroplasts from leaves of higher plants can be maintained at physiological temperatures in artificial defined media for periods of several days. These chloroplasts retain their morphological integrity and undergo division but their photochemical functions only partially survive in culture. After 24 h in isolation Photosystem I and cyclic phosphorylation activities are undiminished but only 25 % of the initial Photosystem II and Hill reaction activities remain. Non-cyclic photophosphorylation declines at the same rate as the Hill reaction activity but the capacity to fix -^"CO« is lost within the first hour.

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