Law in the Documents of the Judaean Desert (Supplements to by Ranon Katzoff, David Schaps

By Ranon Katzoff, David Schaps

The invention within the Judaean desolate tract among 1951 and 1961 of documentary papyri from the interval of the Bar-Kochba rebellion within the early moment century opened for the 1st time a window at the lives of Jewish lay humans at the outer edge of Judaea in a severe interval of heritage. by means of the yr 2000 those texts have been released in complete. Of specific curiosity was once the sunshine they shed at the interaction of Jewish, Greek and Roman legislation within the Roman provinces of Judaea and Arabia. within the present quantity prime students from Europe, the USA and Israel debate the most important questions raised by means of those texts and supply new insights into the cloth and its implications.

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G. M. M. Rogers, eds. [supra note 1] chapter 8). 32 hannah m. 38 Its relevant part reads as follows in John Rea’s translation:39 . . (day, month) in the consulship of Glabrio and Homullus, in Caesarea in the temple. ) which took place before Quintianus, Aelius Amphigethes, procurator, freedman of the Augustus (A‡lio! ÉAmfig°yh! §p¤tropo! ” Amphigethes said: “No-one will eject you. You will remain in possession and I shall . . ” Leaving aside some difficult readings in the text, its message is clear: the imperial libertus et procurator Aelius Amphigetes confirms here the rights of possession of the veteran Valerius Serenus, thereby implementing a general ordinance issued by a Quintianus, referred to in the preamble to the proceedings which are now taking place before Aelius Amphigetes.

17 Be this as it may, it 13 Cf. M. Cotton and W. Eck, “Governors and their Personnel on Latin Inscriptions from Caesarea Maritima,” in Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities VII 7 (2001) 215–30. M. Cotton, S. -L. Gatier in Y. , in Les légions de Rome sous le Haut-Empire. Actes du Congrès de Lyon (17–19 septembre 1998), (Lyon 2000). W. Bowersock, Roman Arabia (Cambridge, Mass. , 160 ff. 16 Later on it was certainly the legio VI Ferrata; see B. Isaac and I. Roll, “Judaea in the Early Years of Hadrian’s Reign,” Latomus 38 (1979) 54–66 = B.

While the senatorial tribunes generally were no more than 20 to 25 years of age, the equestrian tribunes were generally older, as were the equestrian commanders of the auxiliary troops, the cohorts and the alae, who held the title of praefectus or tribunus. 21 The administrative and judicial experience which these tribunes and prefects had acquired at home could be exploited by the governor in the province. C. Wilmanns, “Die Doppelurkunde von Rottweil und ihr Beitrag zum Städtewesen in Obergermanien,” Epigraphische Studien 12 (1981) 1–182, especially 54–72.

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