Knowledge, Technology, and Cluster-Based Growth in Africa by Douglas Zhihua Zeng

By Douglas Zhihua Zeng

Africa is at the circulation, demonstrating in recent times an important power for monetary development. even though the area nonetheless faces many demanding situations, it's also producing wallet of financial energy within the kind of company clusters which are contributing to nationwide, nearby, and native productiveness. via case examples from Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda, this ebook offers an realizing of ways those dynamic firm clusters have been shaped and feature developed, and the way wisdom, human capital, and know-how have contributed to their luck.

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Jua kali, which denotes a hot or fierce sun in Swahili, is the Kenyan name for the informal sector, where people work metal and wood in small workshops, either under the hot sun or, more recently, under crude shelters or sheds. 1 Commercial activities include metal, garment, and woodwork trade and manufacture; vehicle repair; and the provision of general services. These sectors are well integrated, with businesses characterized by strong back-and-forth links. A notable feature of the jua kali economy is its spatial arrangement in clusters.

Entrepreneurs need both practical and theoretical knowledge. They need to know government polices and marketing tactics. Support organizations should recognize already existing learning institutions. Efforts should be geared toward expanding peer-learning networks into continuous lifelong learning institutions for generating knowledge and technology in the cluster. References Government of Kenya. 1965. ” Sessional Paper 10. Nairobi: Government Printer. ———. 1986. ” Sessional Paper 1. Nairobi: Government Printer.

1999. D. thesis submitted to the University of Sussex, UK. McCormick, D. 1998. ” IDS Discussion Paper 366, Nairobi, Kenya. Obeng, G. Y. 2002. ” UNU/INTECH-KITE Research Project. Kumasi, Ghana. Velenchik, Ann D. 1995. ” World Bank Economic Review 9(3): 451–475. 3 The Kamukunji Metalwork Cluster in Kenya Njeri Kinyanjui Found throughout sprawling Nairobi, small and microenterprises operating in open spaces with poor infrastructure and substandard architectural designs constitute the informal jua kali economy.

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