Kautilya: The Arthashastra [est. 300 BCE - 150 AD] by Kautilya (edt. L.N. Rangarajan)

By Kautilya (edt. L.N. Rangarajan)

An outstanding particular handbook on statecraft and the technological know-how of dwelling through one in every of classical India's maximum minds.

Kautilya, often referred to as Chanakya and Vishnugupta, wrote the Arthashastra no longer later than one hundred fifty advert although the date has now not been conclusively confirmed. Legend has it that he used to be both a Brahmin from Kerala or from north India; even though, it's sure that Kautilya was once the guy who destroyed the Nanda dynasty and put in Chandragupta Maurya because the King of Magadha. A grasp strategist who was once well-versed within the Vedas and adept at developing intrigues and devising political stratagems, Kautilya's genius is mirrored in his Arthashastra that's the main entire treatise of statecraft of classical times.

The textual content includes fifteen books which conceal quite a few subject matters viz., the King; an entire code of legislations; overseas coverage; mystery and occult practices etc. The Arthashastra is written customarily in prose but additionally comprises 380 shlokas.

Artha, actually wealth, is considered one of 4 very best goals prescribed through Hindu culture. in spite of the fact that, it has a wider importance and the cloth health and wellbeing of people is simply part of it. according to this, Kautilya's Arthashastra continues that the nation or executive of a rustic has an essential position to play in keeping the cloth prestige of either the state and its humans. as a result, an important a part of the Arthashastra has to do with the technological know-how of economics. whilst it offers with the technology of politics, the Arthashastra describes intimately the paintings of presidency in its widest sense—the upkeep of legislations and order as additionally of a good administrative machinery.

The conceal indicates panas, the professional foreign money of the Mauryan Empire (321 — 185 BC) conceal picture courtesy the nationwide Museum, New Delhi. disguise layout by means of Amiya Bhattacharya ISBN 0-14-044603-6

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Extra info for Kautilya: The Arthashastra [est. 300 BCE - 150 AD]

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An interesting as­ pect of the denial of ritual cremation for a suicidt: is that any kinsman who performed such rituals was declared an outcast and lost his own right to a ritual cremation {4 . 27} . 41 } , magical potions, charms, black magic and sorcery was widely prevalent. Charms and incantations for making someone sleepy or insensible, making oneself invisible, opening Jocked doors and obtaining wealth are some specifically men­ tioned {4. 5 . 59} . In addition, the four chapters of Book 14 are wholly devoted to describing 'a number of rites and practices which are supposed to produce occult manifestations and miraculous effects.

This is not the place to go into the details of the lamentable misapprehension of the significance of Machiavelli's work even in the Western world . If Kautilyan and Machiavellian thoughts have similarities, it only shows that the nature of people and princes has changed little over the two millenia which separates them. I will now explain why the condemnation of Kautilya as an unethi­ cal teacher is based on ignorance of his work. oderate and balanced view. He placed great emphasis on the welfare of the people .

5-8} . The hierarchy was clearly established with the Brahmin at the top and then in the order, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. The productive role of the three lower varnas was recognized ; when settling people in virgin territory, preference was to be given to the three lower varnas because of the benefit that farmers, cow-herds and traders brought to the economy {7. 2 1 } . The system governed all aspects of life and behaviour . 2 1 ,24} . Witnesses taking oath in courts of law were cautioned with a different set of words for each varna {3 .

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