Jewish Philosophy A–Z by Aaron W. Hughes (auth.)

By Aaron W. Hughes (auth.)

In an available type and layout, Jewish Philosophy A-Z covers every thing from Philo to Levinas and explores non-Jewish thinkers, equivalent to Plotinus and Heidegger, who've had a tremendous effect on Jewish philosophy.

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This led subsequent Asharites to develop an elaborate atomic theory, in which everything in this world is made up of atoms and accidents that are continuously maintained or destroyed by God. Asharism would eventually become the orthodox theological school in Islam. There is little evidence that there were Jewish Asharites, yet the various debates between the Asharites and the Mutazilites played a large role in the emergence of Jewish philosophy as can be witnessed in the theologicalphilosophical thought of Saadia Gaon.

His most important work of philosophy is the Light of the Lord (Or ha-Shem), written in Hebrew in 1410. The central aim of the work is to undermine the philosophical claims of Maimonides by deconstructing the Aristotelian premises on which the Maimonidean system was based. By refuting the scientific foundations of Jewish philosophy, Crescas hopes to convince his contemporaries to renounce Maimonidean rationalism, which he believed led to the spiritual decline of Spanish Jewry. Even though Crescas is an important critic of philosophy, he is also a philosopher of the first order, and many of his ideas would influence Christian thinkers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Avicenna's metaphysics is also predicated on two important distinctions: that between essence and existence, and that between necessary and contingent existence. g. man as a rational bipedal animal); existence, in contrast, is superadded to essence. In like manner, something is said to be necessary if its non-existence would imply an absurdity, while something is said to be contingent if no such absurdity would follow. ) Necessary existence is further subdivided into that which is necessary through itself and that which is necessary through another.

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