Hugo Chávez: socialist for the twenty-first century by Mike Gonzalez

By Mike Gonzalez

Whilst Hugo Chavez, then President of Venezuela, died in 2013, hundreds of thousands around the globe mourned. In an age the place such a lot politicians encourage in simple terms apathy and cynicism, Chavez's recognition, radicalism and colourful character have been actually unique.
Released twelve months after Chavez's unforeseen demise, this dramatic and intimate biography strains Chavez's lifestyles from an impoverished rural family members to the Miraflores Presidential Palace in Caracas. Mike Gonzalez indicates how Chavez's "Bolivarian revolution" aimed to accomplish Simon Bolivar's promise of a Latin the United States unfastened from imperialism.
Gonzalez info Chavez's shut connection to the loads and the way he enraged prosperous elites through pointing out his aid for twenty first century socialism. He concludes that the fight for social justice encouraged via Chavez can and needs to proceed. this can be an awesome advisor to Chavez's inspiring existence and legacy.

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The sophisticated and ruthless machinery of repression claimed an estimated 3,000 opponents tortured and killed in secret operations in this much-praised exemplary democracy, with its regular and clean presidential elections. The system worked well in its allocation of posts and distribution of favours between the two major parties – Acción Democrática and Copei – and their alternation in power. The Punto Fijo agreement, rooted in a shared hostility to communism expressed in the original, significantly named, Waldorf Astoria Agreement that predated Punto Fijo, had produced ‘an oil state integrated into the geo-strategic conceptions of a western world headed by the United States’.

The most prominent of those who took this position was Teodoro Petkoff, the guerrilla leader who founded the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) and would later become both an advocate of neo-liberal economic solutions and a bitter enemy of Chávez. Another current led by the influential and much-admired intellectual Alfredo Maneiro formed Causa R, with a more explicitly based class politics based on working-class organisation. Its strength, and its social base, was in Bolívar province, 23 Gonzalez T02812 01 text 23 06/01/2014 20:02 Hugo Chávez around the cities of Ciudad Guayana and Puerto Ordaz, site of Venezuela’s most important industrial plants, the steel industry complex SIDOR and the aluminium processing plant, Alcasa.

The amnesty offered by Caldera in 1969, for example, provided an opportunity for a number of leaders of the guerrilla movement to abandon class struggle politics in favour of varieties of reformism, the pursuit of change within the existing system. The most prominent of those who took this position was Teodoro Petkoff, the guerrilla leader who founded the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) and would later become both an advocate of neo-liberal economic solutions and a bitter enemy of Chávez. Another current led by the influential and much-admired intellectual Alfredo Maneiro formed Causa R, with a more explicitly based class politics based on working-class organisation.

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