By Victor Tcherikover
The come across among Jews and Greeks marked probably the most innovative conferences within the historic international, for in that come across politics, economics, tradition, and faith replaced dramatically. Victor Tcherikover, who dedicated his whole scholarly lifestyles to the learn of the Hellenistic interval, deals the following a benchmark overview of that stumble upon. during this reprinted variation of his most renowned paintings, together with a brand new preface via collage of Chicago Professor John J. Collins, Tcherikover uniquely combines ''analyses of 2 of the main fascinating episodes of Jewish historical past in antiquity: the occasions that resulted in the Maccabean uprising and the fight for rights in Alexandria within the first century CE'' (from the preface).
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Additional resources for Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews
T h e Persian yoke was not especially heavy, and the central government at Susa placed no obstacle in the way of the natural development of the numerous peoples under its sway; hence the Jews also en joyed a certain autonomy under their national heads, the High Priests. It is to b e regretted that we largely lack historical sources for Jewish life in the Persian period. Nor can w e establish either the limits of Jewish autonomy or the scope of the High Priests' authority. It is, however, very probable that the Persians did not interfere with the conduct of Jewish spiritual affairs once they had confirmed in principle the L a w of Moses as the basis of the national life of those exiles who had returned t o Zion.
There were instances when the kings compelled the inhabitants of ancient cities to settle in the new one against their will, and the emigrants had to abandon their beloved native towns and move far afield at the royal command. T h e second feature in the foundation of a city was the building of the city itself, that is, the erection of houses, the laying out of roads, the digging of drains, and so on. This work occupied a prominent place in the establishment of Greek towns, especially if the town was intended to discharge an important function politically or economically.
To day also we are sensible of the difference between original inner culture and culture which is borrowed and imitated, and this can b e exemplified by the difference between genuine Euro peans and "Europeans" of Levantine type. T h e question of national origin is therefore extremely important, and w e must understand the nature of the human material of the Greek cities if we wish to know what was the cultural standard created by it. Every Greek city stood in the proximity of some ancient oriental urban community.