Global Climate Change - The Technology Challenge by Frank T. Princiotta (auth.), Frank Princiotta (eds.)

By Frank T. Princiotta (auth.), Frank Princiotta (eds.)

In order to prevent the possibly catastrophic affects of world warming, the present three% CO2 international emission progress cost has to be remodeled to a 1 to three% declining price, once attainable. this may require a speedy and radical transformation of the world’s strength construction and finish use structures. the present new release of power applied sciences usually are not in a position to attaining the extent of mitigation required. subsequent generations of renewable, low carbon iteration and finish use applied sciences should be wanted.

This e-book quantifies the mitigation problem. It then considers the prestige of key applied sciences had to guard the planet from severe weather switch effect. present and rising applied sciences are characterised for his or her mitigation capability, prestige of improvement and power environmental affects. energy new release, cellular assets, business and development sectors are evaluated intimately. the significance and certain demanding situations for speedily constructing nations, similar to China and India are mentioned. present worldwide learn and improvement efforts for key applied sciences are mentioned. it truly is concluded that it'll be essential to considerably improve and speed up the present all over the world RDD&D attempt on either rising strength applied sciences and people allowing applied sciences had to enhance mitigation effectiveness and economics. it is going to even be essential to conscientiously overview the capability environmental features of subsequent iteration applied sciences to prevent unacceptable wellbeing and fitness and ecological impacts.

Finally, given the enormous technological problem linked to reworking the world’s power method, geoengineering recommendations are evaluated, considering if effectively deployed, they've got the capability to permit extra time for the required strength procedure transformation.

‘This booklet on weather swap not just provides a transparent photograph of the matter yet indicates a number of the pitfalls in fixing it and recommends strongly, a study software to fill the gaps in our wisdom. it's a most respected reference publication for all facets of the problem.’William D. Ruckelshaus, Madrona enterprise Group/Evergreen Venture

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There is currently no incentive to use such products. ” More detail on the industrial mitigation challenges, with a focus on the cement industry, is available in Chap. 8, Reduction of Multi-pollutant Emissions from Industrial Sectors. 13 Geoengineering Options Finally, there have been various geoengineering approaches suggested that could potentially slow warming until new energy technologies are developed and deployed. These options involve intentional, direct manipulation of the earth’s energy balance through interventions at the planetary scale.

The technologies are divided into two categories: (1) heating and cooling and (2) appliances, which include lighting. For each of the two categories, the technologies are listed in the order of their potential impact in 2050 according to IEA for the Blue scenario. The technologies are either aimed at enhancing end use efficiency or are new alternative building heating/cooling technologies. It is important to note that those high-efficiency appliances and heating and cooling technologies are currently commercial, although there is potential for even higher efficiencies assuming a focused, successful research program.

The first two rows illustrate that major CO2 reductions could be achieved by incorporating the most efficient internal combustion, chassis, A/C, and tire components. Also, hybrid technology, if optimized for efficiency and utilized with high-efficiency chassis components, can have a substantial positive impact. The main impediment to more robust utilization of these commercially available technologies appears to be higher initial costs for hybrids and buyer preferences that, in North America and more recently in Europe, are for larger, heavier, less-efficient vehicles.

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