By Ben A. LePage, Bonnie F. Jacobs, Christopher J. Williams (auth.), Beth A. Middleton (eds.)
The international switch Ecology and Wetlands booklet sequence will spotlight the newest examine from the realm leaders within the box of weather switch in wetlands.
Global swap and the functionality and Distribution of Wetlands highlights info of value to wetland ecologists. The chapters contain syntheses of foreign reports at the results of drought on functionality and regeneration in wetlands, sea point upward push and the distribution of mangrove swamps, former distributions of swamp species and destiny classes from paleoecology, and shifts in atmospheric emissions throughout realms in wetlands. total, the publication will give a contribution to a greater figuring out of the aptitude results of weather switch on international wetland distribution and function.
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Extra info for Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands
Changes in albedo due to changes in vegetation at low latitudes can also have global impacts. Humanity relies heavily on the goods and services provided by wetlands, especially food, and there are several examples of civilizations that fell following large climate shifts (Scholz et al. 2007; Middleton 2011). A. LePage et al. Our ability to forecast what the future Earth will look like is predicated on a limited data set and assumptions that are based on a few hundred years of human observations and data-limited models.
LePage et al. 96 88 80 72 Arctic Ocean en az Ellesmere Island ke H es S trait La Meighen Island Nar 80 N Napartulik 80 N Eureka Axel Heiberg Island Fosheim Peninsula Ellef Ringnes Island Amund Ringnes Island Cornwall Island Smith Sound Devon Island 100 Km 96 88 80 72 Fig. 21 Map showing the location of Napartulik (80°N) on Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut, Canada from icehouse to hothouse conditions makes it difficult to predict accurately impending changes at several levels. Nevertheless, the plant fossil record from the Arctic provides insight into the complexities of how Arctic wetland ecosystems functioned before the last ice age.
The fossil stems were generally free of protruding branches and the uppermost 9 m of the trees had branches with foliage. 5 Mg ha−1 (wood plus foliage), respectively. This was a very-high biomass forest, which was similar in stature and total biomass to the modern old-growth forests of the Pacific Northwest (Grier and Logan 1977; Gholz 1982) and coastal Cordillera forests of southern Chile (Johnson et al. 2000; Battles et al. 2002), whereas the annual net primary productivity was similar to that seen in modern cool-temperate deciduous forests (Johnson and Lindberg 1992).