Genomes of Plants and Animals: 21st Stadler Genetics by Steven H. Rogstad (auth.), J. Perry Gustafson, R. B. Flavell

By Steven H. Rogstad (auth.), J. Perry Gustafson, R. B. Flavell (eds.)

This quantity brings jointly the disciplines of plant and animal genome study, and serves as a chance for scientists from either fields to match effects, difficulties and prospects.

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Extra resources for Genomes of Plants and Animals: 21st Stadler Genetics Symposium

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Pi and Pj are the frequency of a specific allele (I) at population i and population j. P- bar is the average allele frequency over all of the populations (Harpending and Jenkins, 1973). Similar to the discriminant function, a principal component analysis examines the variance and covariance of the frequencies of different fragments within and between populations. It is expected that populations which share an evolutionary relationship will be genetically similar. Thus, the frequencies of different fragments within two related populations should be similar and therefore the variance will also be similar.

5:584. , 1992, A polymorphic (CA)n repeat element maps the human glucokinase gene (GCK) to chromosome 7p, Genomics 12:319. LG. 11:242. , 1995, microsatellite polymorphisms reveal phylogenetic relationships in primates, ]. Mol. Evol. 41:10. , 1995, A set of polymorphic DNA microsatellites useful in swamp and river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Anim. Genet. 26:355. , 1991, The conservation of dinucleotide microsatellites among mammalian 27 genomes allows the use of heterologous PCR primer pairs in closely related specie, Genomics 10:654.

One another (via gene flow) will become more genetically similar, and thus have a lower genetic distance from one another. It is thus expected that isolated populations with little gene flow will have a high genetic distance and a low heterozygosity. ---------1 ()() 0 I r 11 (Dl,lilnce From Centmtd) Figure 5. , 199Sb). and therefore the populations approximate an isolation-by-distance model. The fitted regression indicates the relative flow of genes into the various populations. Populations above the line tend to be receiving gene flow, while those below the line are isolated and 42 subject to genetic drift.

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