By Georgina Waylen (eds.)
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Additional resources for Gender, Institutions, and Change in Bachelet’s Chile
Formal rules about gender are relatively easy to identify and most rules are now formally gender neutral. But FI also recognizes the importance of both informal and formal institutions as well as the key part played by their interaction, hence the recent attempts by some FI scholars’ to uncover the “hidden life of institutions” (Chappell and Waylen 2013). Although many formal rules are now gender neutral, for example, around employment and political participation, a huge array of informal rules about gender, such as the sexual division of labor, remain.
We saw the significance of women’s movements of all types in the transitions to democracy that dominated Latin American politics in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s; as well as the low but rising levels of women descriptive representation, often linked to the widespread introduction of electoral quotas (even if not in Chile) in the new democracies. We also saw the subsequent attention given to substantive representation and gender policymaking in the state, but primarily with respect to the activities of WPAs like SERNAM and around particular policy areas, such as gender-based violence and reproductive rights.
In E. Jelin and E. ) Constructing Democracy: Human Rights, Citizenship, Democracy and Society in Latin America (pp. 177–196). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Jones, M. (1996). “Increasing Women’s Representation Via Gender Quotas: The Argentine Ley de Cupos,” Women and Politics, 16 (4): 75–98. Kenny, M. (2013). Gender and Political Recruitment: Theorizing Institutional Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Kenny. M. (2014). “A Feminist Institutionalist Approach,” Politics & Gender, 10 (4): 679–684. Kirkwood, J.