From Jerusalem Priest to Roman Jew: On Josephus and the by Tuval Michael

By Tuval Michael

During this learn, Michael Tuval examines the faith of Flavius Josephus diachronically. the writer means that simply because Diaspora Jews couldn't take part usually within the cultic lifetime of the Jerusalem Temple, they built different paradigms of Judaic religiosity. He translates Josephus as a Jew who started his profession as a Judean priest yet moved to Rome and progressively grew to become a Diaspora highbrow. Josephus' first paintings, Judean conflict , displays a Judean priestly view of Judaism, with the Temple and cult on the heart. After those disappeared, there has been now not a lot desire left within the spiritual realm. Tuval additionally analyzes Antiquities of the Jews , which used to be written fifteen years later. the following the spiritual photograph has been remodeled greatly. The Temple has been marginalized or changed through the legislations that is common and ideal for all humanity. The booklet is positive concerning the way forward for Judaism, and doesn't trace that the absence of the Temple hinders human-divine verbal exchange. mockingly, in later years Josephus persisted to stress his priestly identification. the reason provided for this anomaly is a posh one. the writer additionally argues that Josephus persisted to determine the monks because the typical leaders of post-destruction Judaism.

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Cf. L. L. Grabbe, A History of the Jews and Judaism in the Second Temple Period, Vol. 1: Yehud: A History of the Persian Province of Judah (London, 2004), 331–43, for an evaluation of the role of Ezra the priest in the development of “the Law” and “Scripture” in the early Persian period. Ezra’s crucial role in the promulgation of the Torah has been recognized at least since the Talmudic period; see b. Sukkah 20a. 7 On the history of the Restoration era, see S. Japhet, “The Temple in the Restoration Period: Reality and Ideology,” USQR 44/3–4 (1991), 195–251; Grabbe, History, Vol.

Kerkeslager, “Jewish Pilgrimage and Jewish Identity in Hellenistic and Early Roman Egypt,” in D. ), Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt (Leiden, 1998), 99–225. 2 Although the pentateuchal traditions refer to the Tabernacle as the center of Israel’s sacrificial cult, it is clear that their Sitz im Leben was the Temple in Jerusalem; see H. Liss, “The Imaginary Sanctuary: The Priestly Code as an Example of Fictional Literature in the Hebrew Bible,” in O. Lipshits and M. ), Judah and Judeans in the Persian Period (Winona Lake, 2006), 663–89.

R. Trebilco, Jewish Communities in Asia Minor (Cambridge, 1991); W. C. van Unnik, Das Selbverständnis der jüdischen Diaspora in der hellenistisch-römischer Zeit (Leiden, 1993); J. M. G. Barclay, Jews in the Mediterranean Diaspora from Alexander to Trajan (Edinburgh, 1996); I. M. Gafni, Land, Center and Diaspora: Jewish Constructs in Late Antiquity (Sheffield, 1997); L. V. Rutgers, The Hidden Heritage of Diaspora Judaism (Leuven, 1998); Kerkeslager, “Jewish Pilgrimage and Jewish Identity;” J. J.

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