By Cynthia Lum Ph.D, Leslie W. Kennedy Ph.D (auth.), Cynthia Lum, Leslie W. Kennedy (eds.)
In the previous 8 years, there was a huge bring up in executive spending on counterterrorism intervention improvement and implementation. Given this raise, there are evidence-based coverage questions which are very important to deal with:
Is there proof that any of those courses are powerful – in different phrases, can they be proven to be associated with lowering terrorism, terrorist recruiting, or to enhancing the reaction and administration of terrorist occasions?
Do those interventions have secondary or collateral results that could be expensive, damaging, unlawful, necessary, or in a different way?
As Lum and Kennedy came across in an overview study on counterterrorism interventions, just a minuscule variety of empirical stories of terrorism exist and there's a nearly whole absence of review study on counter-terrorism recommendations. this is often startling given the large raises within the improvement and use of counter-terrorism courses, in addition to spending on counter-terrorism task. much more disconcerting used to be the character of the reviews we did locate; a few courses have been proven to both haven't any discernible impact on terrorism or result in raises in terrorism. The emphasis of the necessity for empirical study in comparing interventions and informing coverage can't be overstated, and is the first objective of Evidence-Based Counterterrorism Policy.
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Additional resources for Evidence-Based Counterterrorism Policy
Schmid, A. (1983). Political terrorism: A research guide to concepts, theories, databases, and literature. New Brunswick: Transaction Books. Schmid, A. , & Jongman, A. J. (1988). Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, and Literature. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Books, pp. 5–6. Schmid, A. (2004). Statistics on terrorism: The challenge of measuring trends, global terrorism. Forum on Crime and Society, 4(1–2), 49–69. , & Jongman, A. J. (2005).
Defining terrorism is no less complex for scientists. Schmid and Jongman’s (1988) influential review found 109 different research definitions of terrorism. , Hoffman, 2007; Smelser, 2007). And beyond the challenge of arriving at a defensible definition of terrorism is the considerable difficulty of collecting valid data on terrorism (for a review, see LaFree & Dugan, 2009). Data on illegal violence has come traditionally from G. edu C. W. 1007/978-1-4614-0953-3_3, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012 41 42 G.
How do the authors handle such potential conflicts of interest? For example, do they disclose funding? Do they discuss the extent to which the sponsors have control over the data? Convenience/Accessibility/Functions How convenient is the database to use? How accessible is it? Is it available online? Is it searchable with key words? How functional is it? Can users perform online searches with key words? Can they use the data to create graphs and tables online? Is the dataset fully downloadable so that researchers can conduct their own analyses on it?