Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Volume 1 by Hari Singh Nalwa, Foreword by Richard E. Smalley

By Hari Singh Nalwa, Foreword by Richard E. Smalley

Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology® is the World's first encyclopedia ever released within the box of nanotechnology. The 10-volume Encyclopedia is an extraordinary unmarried reference resource that offers excellent advent and evaluate of newest advances and rising new elements of nanotechnology spanning from technology to engineering to medication. even though there are numerous books/handbook and journals concerned with nanotechnology, no encyclopedic reference paintings has been released protecting all features of nanoscale technological know-how and know-how facing fabrics synthesis, processing, fabrication, probes, spectroscopy, actual homes, electronics, optics, mechanics, biotechnology, units, and so forth. The Encyclopedia fills this hole to supply easy info on all basic and utilized facets of nanotechnology by way of drawing on twenty years of pioneering learn. it's the basically medical paintings of its variety because the starting of the sector of nanotechnology bringing jointly middle wisdom and the very newest advances. it truly is written for all degrees viewers that enables non-scientists to appreciate the nanotechnology whereas supplying up to date most recent info to energetic scientists to specialists within the box. This striking encyclopedia is an fundamental resource for study pros, expertise traders and builders looking the main up to date details at the nanotechnology between quite a lot of disciplines from technological know-how to engineering to drugs.

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27 Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers An earlier variant of dip-pen lithography, which produced patterned features of size greater than 10 m, is microwriting [273, 274]. In microwriting, neat alkanethiol is dispensed from the tip of a fine capillary directly onto the gold surface. Control over the distance between the tip and the surface gives some control over line widths that are achieved. 3. Controlled Positions of Alkanethiol Deposition Controlling the location where a particular alkanethiolate SAM is deposited has also been achieved electrochemically.

Them suitable for studying and exploiting long-range electron transfer. These advantages include those that have already been discussed, such as densely packed SAMs giving well-defined distance relationships, the formation of mixed SAMs allowing the spacing of redox centers, the low number of defects or pinholes in well-prepared SAMs ensuring that tunneling processes are probed, and the ease of altering their chemical structure allowing simple exploration of structure-function relationships. A further advantage is that the thiol functionality is ideal for connecting “molecular wires” to bulk materials and hence allowing a connection to the surroundings.

Transducer Electrical Signal to user Other Compounds Figure 12. Schematic of a sensor showing the recognition layer that gives the sensor its selectivity for the target analyte despite the presence of other molecules in the sample. The transducer determines the extent of the reaction between the recognition component and the analyte and converts this to an electronic signal which can be outputted to the end user. 30 The simplest sensors based on alkanethiols are monolayers that either provide selective access to the underlying transducer surface [341, 342] or incorporate a recognition molecule attached to the SAM-modified transducer [10– 13].

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