Einstein, 1905–2005: Poincaré Seminar 2005 by Olivier Darrigol (auth.), Thibault Damour, Olivier Darrigol,

By Olivier Darrigol (auth.), Thibault Damour, Olivier Darrigol, Bertrand Duplantier, Vincent Rivasseau (eds.)

The Poincaré Seminar is held two times a 12 months on the Institute Henri Poincaré in Paris. The objective of this seminar is to supply updated information regarding normal themes of serious curiosity in physics. either the theoretical and experimental effects are lined, with a few historic heritage. specific care is dedicated to the pedagogical nature of the presentation.
This quantity is dedicated to Einstein's 1905 papers and their legacy. After a presentation of Einstein's epistemological method of physics, and the genesis of targeted relativity, a centenary viewpoint is available. The geometry of relativistic spacetime is defined intimately. unmarried photon experiments are provided, as a brilliant cognizance of Einstein's mild quanta speculation. A formerly unpublished lecture by way of Einstein, which provides an illuminating standpoint on statistical physics in 1910, on the sunrise of quantum mechanics, is reproduced. the quantity ends with an essay at the historic, actual and mathematical facets of Brownian motion.

Contributing authors:

Jacques Bros
Thibault Damour
Olivier Darrigol
Bertrand Duplantier
Albert Einstein
Philippe Grangier
Ugo Moschella
Clifford M. Will

Additional details (e.g. colour types of images) are available at www.birkhauser.ch/3-7643-7435-7

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Suppose, with him and Newton, that two bodies, initially at rest and isolated from other bodies, act on each other in a non-balanced way by forces that depend only on their configuration. Connect the two bodies by a rigid bar. The resulting system begins to move. According to the principle of relativity, the net force acting on the system does not depend on the acquired velocity. Therefore, the system undergoes a forever accelerated motion. This reasoning, which assumes direct action from matter to matter, does not immediately apply to electrodynamics.

This remark implies that the new theory retrieves every consequence of Lorentz’s theory for the electrodynamics and optics of moving bodies (including the Fresnel drag, for instance). §10. Einstein obtains the relativistic equation of motion of an electron in an electromagnetic field by assuming the approximate validity of Newtonian mechanics in a quasi-tangent frame (in which the velocity of the electron remains small within a sufficiently small time interval) and transforming to the laboratory frame.

Edmund Whittaker, A history of the theories of aether and electricity, 2 vols. (London, 1951). fr Einstein, 33 – 58 c Birkh¨ auser Verlag, Basel, 2005 Poincar´ e Seminar 2005 Special Relativity: A Centenary Perspective Clifford M. Will 1 Introduction A hundred years ago, Einstein laid the foundation for a revolution in our conception of time and space, matter and energy. ” [2], he established what we now call special relativity as one of the two pillars on which virtually all of physics of the 20th century would be built (the other pillar being quantum mechanics).

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