Developing towns and cities: lessons from Brazil and by Kyu Sik Lee, Roy Gilbert

By Kyu Sik Lee, Roy Gilbert

"Sixty 3 of seventy five international locations with greater than 5 million everyone is now pursuing decentralization regulations that devolve services and tasks to neighborhood governments, however the technique of decentralization is significantly restricted via an absence of institutional capability between neighborhood governments, restricted source mobilization on the neighborhood point, and constrained entry to long term financing for funding courses. Municipal improvement tasks (MDP) target at mitigating those constraints." This research has targets: (i) to evaluate affects of MDPs at the institutional capability construction of neighborhood governments for financial and monetary administration and for making plans and implementation of funding courses; and (ii) to evaluate either "direct" affects at the beneficiaries as expected via the tasks, and "indirect" (longer-term) affects at the improvement of neighborhood economies targeting employment and source of revenue new release within the engaging municipalities. It makes a speciality of the MDPs carried out in Brazil and the Philippines. The authors clarify the good judgment of the overview tools and what the reviews suggest for destiny tasks.

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Much of the analysis was based on a close collaboration between the authors and project teams in Brazil and the Philippines. In particular, the authors would like to thank, from Brazil, Aurelio Simon, Jeanette Lontra, and Sextilio Giacomini, who conducted the study on capacity building. And from the Philippines, Jose Ong, Millie Villar, and Vic Ignacio, who pretested the questionnaire and provided logistical support for the study; and Elizabeth Legazpi, who prepared the municipal finance data. The survey of public markets in the Philippines was conducted by Cirrus Research and Software in Manila under the direction of Mari-jo Luciano.

Le présent ouvrage expose et analyse les résultats concrets de quatre projets réussis au Brésil et aux Philippines. The study grew out of recently completed performance audits of municipal development projects in Brazil and the Philippines, and drew its data from many sources. The analysis was based on selected indicators drawn from a very large municipal finance database covering more than 800 municipalities over a period of seven years, and a survey of public markets in the Philippines. In addition, the study teams conducted fieldwork in Brazil and the Philippines during 199798.

The projects in the Philippines also required an explicit financial reform package similar to the financial action plan in Brazil. In the Philippines, however, the RPTA program was implemented by a unit in the Department of Finance. Capacity Building Through Investment Programs In both Brazil and the Philippines, the preparation and implementation of investment projects financed by the Municipal Development Fund served as a second major instrument for enhancing the institutional capacity of local governments.

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