Cross-National Research in Self-Reported Crime and by Malcolm W. Klein (auth.), Malcolm W. Klein (eds.)

By Malcolm W. Klein (auth.), Malcolm W. Klein (eds.)

Malcolm W. Klein heart for study on Crime and Social keep an eye on collage of Southern California 1. history In June of 1988, nearly 40 students and researchers met for 4 days within the Leeuwenborst Congres middle in Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, to take part in a workshop entitled Self-Report Metho­ dology in Criminological study. The members represented 15 countries and 30 universities and examine facilities, a variety that used to be matched through the studies and focal pursuits in self-report tools one of the members. This quantity is the results of the workshop technique and particularly of the invites to individuals to organize pre-conference papers for distribution ahead of the workshop. The chapters within the quantity have been chosen from the bigger set of pre­ convention papers. As workshop conv~ner and quantity editor, it falls on me to set many of the context for this company. Self-report crime is "admitted" crime, derived from interview and questionnaire responses bought from adults and juveniles (regardless of whether they were arrested) touching on their very own unlawful behaviors. turning out to be knowledge of the restrictions of reputable crime facts has ended in the improvement of self-report procedures.

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Junger-Tas, J, & Krinssink, M: Ontwikkelinf van de jeugdcriminaliteit. The Hague: WODC, Ministerie van Justitite, 1987. Kalton, G, & Schumann, H: The effect of the question on survey response: A review. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, series A, vol. 145. Le Poole, F: Law and practice concerning the counterparts of "persons in need of supervision" in some European countries with a particular emphasis on The Netherlands. In Tei telbaum, LE: Beyond control: Status Offenders in the juvenile court.

In fact, one of the later studies reintroduced some very serious offenses such as rape, assault and robbery. However, this study ran into serious validity problems which will be explained later (Junger, 1987). Despite Similarities, there is one overriding difference between Dutch and American studies: all items included in Dutch instruments are offenses as defined by penal law, whether committed by juveniles or by adults. S. are not considered offenses in France, Germany, or The Netherlands. Although, for example, juveniles are not allowed to smoke in public in Germany, the parents are held responsible (Le Poole, 1977).

1983) a validity check was performed on the group of youngsters with recorded police contacts. Of a total of 307 juveniles with recorded police contacts, about 19% did not mention an offense figuring in the record. This group included 130 juveniles who had been interviewed at the police station or at the prosecutor's office in order to have an additional sample of juveniles with official contacts, so the interview situation may have increased the number of invalid answers. , 1981). In the follow-up study conducted two years later, the answers with respect to delinquent behavior and police contacts were compared with those of the first study.

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