Copper Workers, International Business, and Domestic by Angela Vergara

By Angela Vergara

During this booklet, Angela Vergara tells the tale of the exertions circulate in Chile during the reports of employees in copper mines owned through Anaconda, a huge multinational company. counting on archival assets, newspapers, and oral histories, she recounts the workers???­ monetary, political, and social struggles over the forty-five-year interval while the chilly battle ruled politics. The hard work flow, Vergara argues, used to be a innovative strength instrumental within the advent of nationwide reforms and the radicalization of politics. In Chile its position is necessary to figuring out the growth of the welfare nation within the Nineteen Fifties, the creation of social reforms within the Sixties, and the Chilean street to socialism within the early Nineteen Seventies. The ebook unearths the ancient starting place of the implementation of neoliberal guidelines, the erosion of work rights, and the emergence of the so-called Chilean fiscal version championed through the 'Chicago boys.' the various alterations undertaken within the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties, the publication exhibits, had their impetus within the challenge of the import-substitution attempt of the past due Nineteen Fifties.

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Extra info for Copper Workers, International Business, and Domestic Politics in Cold War Chile

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El Progreso (Chañaral), January 12, 1926. 37. El Progreso (Chañaral), January 14, 1926. 38. El Progreso (Chañaral), October 14, 1926. 39. El Progreso (Chañaral), November 6, 1926. Vergara 4/11/08 24 1:34 PM Page 24 COPPER WORKERS IN COLD WAR CHILE In December 1926, the mine delivered its ore to the primary crushing plant. The deposit was in the form of sulfide and oxide ores; the two types were clearly separated, making their extraction easier. Each was submitted to a different process. To produce blister copper, the sulfide ore was treated through a complex system of crushing, concentrating, calcining, smelting, and converting.

Price ceilings for copper during World War II and the Korean War would prevent Chile from enjoying the boom cycles. After two uncertain years, work resumed in 1924 under the supervision of Oscar M. Kuchs, who had worked in Potrerillos in the early 1920s. ”26 Yet the city of Chañaral had little to offer. Its desert landscape did not sustain agriculture or cattle ranches and the city had never developed any local industry besides mining. Andes Copper established sophisticated supply networks, bringing construction materials from Europe and the United States, cattle from northern Argentina, food from the Chilean central valley, and workers from the south and north of Chile.

57 Similarly, Norbert Koepel arrived in Potrerillos in 1919, became general manager in 1948, and then became vice president of Andes Copper at Anaconda headquarters in New York in the 1950s. The personal stories of the men and women who moved from the United States to build a mine and a community in this remote mining region usually started in mining communities in the United States. Many had already worked for Anaconda or other mining companies and were living in cities such as Butte, Great Falls, or Anaconda, Montana; or Salt Lake City, Utah.

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