Colombia before Independence: Economy, Society, and Politics by Anthony McFarlane

By Anthony McFarlane

This ebook describes and analyzes financial and political advancements in Colombia through the ultimate century of Spanish rule. Its goal is threefold: first, to supply a normal portrait of Colombian society through the past due colonial interval, displaying the nature of monetary, social, and political lifestyles within the territory's relevant areas; moment, to evaluate the influence at the area of ecu imperialist growth throughout the eighteenth century; and 3rd, to supply a context for figuring out the reasons of independence. The publication deals the one on hand survey of Colombian historical past and historiography for this era.

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There, along the course and slopes of the River Cauca, important mining districts developed at Caceres and Santa Fe de Antioquia in the north, around Arma, Anserma, and Cartago to the south, and in the headwaters of the Cauca near Popayan. To these gold fields, others were added during the second half of the sixteenth century when Spaniards from the upper Cauca Valley pushed into the Pacific lowlands, where they found the gold-rich rivers of the lower Choco. It was principally on these districts that the sixteenthcentury gold boom in New Granada was built.

2, pp. , vol. 4, pp. 297—327. On the trade, mining, and gold working of the Cauca Indians, see Herman Trimborn, Senorio y barbarie en el Valle del Cauca (Madrid, 1949), 167—92. 14. Melo, Historia, pp. 51—4. 16 Foundations 15 arrived. 16 Indeed, a recent calculation indicates a population in excess of one million for the Eastern Cordillera region alone, with another million in the Cauca Valley, at least half a million on the Caribbean coast, and with populations of between 300,000 and 400,000 for the upper and middle Magdalena Valley and its central slopes, and for the southern altiplano region around Pasto.

19. , Tunja, 1984). Foundations 17 with its dense population, well-cultivated lands, and disciplined labor force, soon became the core area for Spanish occupation of the interior, focused on Bogota and Tunja. 20 In the south, Spaniards settled in the Upper Cauca Valley, with strongholds at Popayan and Cali; in the west, they entered the Central Cordillera and founded the province of Antioquia. Indian communities in these regions were rarely comparable to the Chibchas in their social and economic complexity; however, they had relatively large populations, well-organized agricultural systems and, most important, traditions of gold mining and gold working, all of which the Spanish were eager to exploit.

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