Civilizing Argentina: Science, Medicine, and the Modern by Julia Rodriguez

By Julia Rodriguez

After a promising commence as a filthy rich and liberal democratic state on the finish of the 19th century, Argentina descended into instability and trouble. This stark reversal, in a rustic wealthy in traditional assets and probably bursting with growth and effort, has questioned many historians. In Civilizing Argentina, Julia Rodriguez takes a sharply opposite view, demonstrating that Argentina's flip of fortune isn't really a secret yet particularly the ironic outcome of schemes to "civilize" the country within the identify of progressivism, overall healthiness, technological know-how, and public order.

With new scientific and medical info returning from Europe on the flip of the century, a robust alliance built between scientific, clinical, and nation specialists in Argentina. those elite forces promulgated a political tradition in keeping with a scientific version that outlined social difficulties resembling poverty, vagrancy, crime, and road violence as health problems to be handled via courses of social hygiene. They instituted courses to fingerprint immigrants, degree the our bodies of prisoners, position better halves who disobeyed their husbands in "houses of deposit," and exclude or expel humans deemed socially bad, together with teams comparable to exertions organizers and prostitutes. Such rules, Rodriguez argues, ended in the destruction of the nation's liberal beliefs and opened the best way to the antidemocratic, authoritarian governments that got here later within the 20th century.

Show description

Read or Download Civilizing Argentina: Science, Medicine, and the Modern State PDF

Similar south america books

Gods & vampires: return to Chipaya

Whilst Nathan Wachtel, the celebrated old anthropologist, again to the village of Chipaya, the location of his wide fieldwork within the Bolivian Andes, he discovered a bunch of Uru Indians was once being incarcerated and tortured for no obvious cause. much more surprisingly, no one—not even his closest informant and friend—would discuss it.

The Amazon : land without history

'The Amazon' positive aspects 8 essays via Euclides da Cunha, approximately his journey in the course of the Amazonin in 1905, written to explain the Brazilian hinterlands to the city voters

The Japanese Community in Brazil, 1908–1940: Between Samurai and Carnival

At the eve of the Pacific conflict (1941-45), there have been 198,000 jap in Brazil, the most important expatriate physique outdoors East Asia. but the origins of this group were obscured. The English-language library is threadbare whereas eastern students generally insist that existence outdoors of Japan was once full of surprise and worry in order that, as one historian asserted, 'their our bodies have been in Brazil yet their minds have been constantly in Japan'.

Additional resources for Civilizing Argentina: Science, Medicine, and the Modern State

Example text

Military campaigns, they seemed to realize, were increasingly unacceptable in the modern age. Seeking new means of managing social problems and engineering their society, they created and fostered a new class of professionals and endowed it with the means and authority to carry out the state’s agenda. The Generation of 1880, and those who followed in their footsteps, defined for Argentina a scientific worldview that carried power and legitimacy. With impetus, funding, and encouragement from the oligarchic state, they would shape Argentine political culture for decades to come.

They supported public primary education, the expansion of the University of Buenos Aires and the building of universities in the interior, and the establishment and modernization of university science departments, scientific journals, and police laboratories. An important social base of the scientific elite was the newly consolidated and expanding University of Buenos Aires, no ivory tower but rather a central and powerful cultural and political organ of the capital and nation. Though the university’s faculty was relatively small—the medical school had only twenty-three full professors in 1888—its members were more often than not the leaders of their respective professions, particularly in law and medicine, and mentors to the future leaders of the nation.

In 1904 Lucas Ayarragaray, a physician and influential national deputy, published an in-depth study of the historical development of the Argentine national character and its ‘‘ethnic and psychological’’ traits. ’’∞∏ Ayarragaray, too, vilified the caudillo and gaucho as rural types. The caudillo, he said, needed the crowd as much as it needed him; the mutual vice and immorality of the crowd and its leader fed each other. The caudillo combined the worst ethnic traits of the Indian and the gaucho, in Ayarragaray’s opinion: ‘‘In reality, one and the other type blend together in their a≈nity of fundamental qualities that emerge from a common psychological source.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.98 of 5 – based on 39 votes