Citrus bergamia: Bergamot and its Derivatives by Giovanni Dugo, Ivana Bonaccorsi

By Giovanni Dugo, Ivana Bonaccorsi

In Calabria, Italy, the place bergamot has been effectively cultivated because the eighteenth century, it's often outlined as "the prince of the Citrus genus." Written via a global panel of specialists from a number of disciplines, Citrus bergamia: Bergamot and its Derivatives represents the main entire treatise on bergamot and its derivatives at the moment available.

Although creation of bergamot and its derivatives is relatively small, its chemical composition and organic houses were of serious clinical curiosity and the oil is taken into account crucial in lots of top quality perfumes. there's additionally an elevated call for for bergamot oil for meals flavorings and gastronomy. A tribute to bergamot, Citrus bergamia: Bergamot and its Derivatives covers all elements of bergamot, from its ancient and botanical origins, cultural practices, and transformation applied sciences to using its derivatives, attainable contaminations, and organic activity.

The e-book examines the chemical composition of bergamot in peel oils, leaf oils, juice, and end result, extracted by way of a number of techniques―mechanical, distillation, and through supercritical fluids. It covers newly pointed out sessions of compounds, limonoids and statins, describing the id and assay of average statins and the pharmacological actions of limonoids. It additionally discusses bergapten homes and its makes use of in cosmetics and drugs, in addition to using bergamot in perfumery and in meals and drinks. The booklet concludes with a bankruptcy reviewing the to be had facts and worldwide legislative prestige of bergamot as they relate to the secure use and alternate of bergamot products.

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Additional resources for Citrus bergamia: Bergamot and its Derivatives

Example text

Bergamia showing fully developed secretory cavities. (a) Cultivar Castagnaro. (b) Cultivar Femminello. (c, d) Cultivar Fantastico. 1 Glandula Cavities (number/cm2) Present in the Epicarp of C. 66 cavities per cm2 ratio evidences that the essential oil productivity for the three cultivars of C.

The vein system of the leaf consists of branched vascular bundles. A vein contains the vascular tissue, which consists of xylem and phloem. The lignified xylem cells are situated towards the upper epidermis and the phloem towards the lower epidermis. In the large veins the vascular bundles are usually surrounded by a bundle sheath. Stomata are confined to the lower side. 4 Flowers Inflorescence in Citrus × bergamia are terminal, racemose, and many-flowered with pedicel up to 8 mm long. The actinomorphic flowers are pentamerous, bisexual, Citrus × bergamia Risso & Poiteau 17 and fragrant; terminal flowers are often sterile.

2 Morphology and Anatomy............................................................................... 1 Root System......................................................................................... 2 Stem..................................................................................................... 3 Leaves.................................................................................................. 4 Flowers.................................................................................................

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