Ciba Foundation Symposium 80 - Adhesion and Microorganism

Content:
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–2): D. Taylor?Robinson
Chapter 2 Attachment of Mycoplasmas to Inert Surfaces (pages 3–16): W. Bredt, J. Feldner and that i. Kahane
Chapter three Adhesion houses of Entamoeba histolytica (pages 17–35): David Mirelman and David Kobiler
Chapter four Mechanisms of organization of micro organism with Mucosal Surfaces (pages 36–55): Rolf Freter
Chapter five The Mechanism of access of Viruses into Plant Protoplasts (pages 56–71): J. W. Watts, J. R. zero. Dawson and Janet M. King
Chapter 6 versions for learning the Adhesion of Enterobacteria to the Mucosa of the Human Intestinal Tract (pages 72–93): D. C. A. sweet, T. S. M. Leung, A. D. Phillips, J. T. Harries and W. C. Marshall
Chapter 7 An in vivo version for learning Adherence of Intestinal Pathogens (pages 94–97): Shmuel Katz, Mordehai Izhar and David Mirelman
Chapter eight Adhesion of Mycoplasmas to Eukaryotic Cells (pages 98–118): S. Razin, I. Kahane, M. Banai and W. Bredt
Chapter nine Bacterial Adherence to telephone floor Sugars (pages 119–141): Nathan Sharon, Yuval Eshdat, Fredric J. Silverblatt and Itzhak Ofek
Chapter 10 Adhesion of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in people and Animals (pages 142–160): Myron M. Levine
Chapter eleven Adhesion of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract an infection (pages 161–187): C. Svanborg Eden, L. Hagberg, L. A. Hanson, T. Korhonen, H. Leffler and S. Olling
Chapter 12 Adhesion of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae and ailment (pages 188–201): Edmund C. Tramont
Chapter thirteen Invasion of Erythrocytes by means of Malaria Merozoites: proof for particular Receptors concerned with Attachment and access (pages 202–219): Russell J. Howard and Louis H. Miller
Chapter 14 Plasmodial differences of Erythrocyte Surfaces (pages 220–233): Donald F. H. Wallach, Ross B. Mikkelsen and Rupert Schmidt?Ullrich
Chapter 15 interplay of Chlamydiae with Host Cells and Mucous Surfaces (pages 234–251): J. H. Pearce, I. Allan and S. Ainsworth
Chapter sixteen services of floor Glycoproteins of Myxoviruses and Paramyxoviruses and Their Inhibition (pages 252–269): Purnell W. Choppin, Christopher D. Richardson, David C. Merz and Andreas Scheid
Chapter 17 impact of Inhibitors on Glycoprotein Biosynthesis and Bacterial Adhesion (pages 270–287): Alan D. Elbein, Barbara A. Sanford, Mary A. Ramsay and Y. T. Pan
Chapter 18 Sublethal Concentrations of Antibiotics and Bacterial Adhesion (pages 288–327): Edwin H. Beachey, Barry I. Eisenstein and Itzhak Ofek
Chapter 19 last comments (pages 328–334): D. Taylor?Robinson

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The three E. histolytica strains (HM-1, HK-9 and 200:NIH) tested all possessed haemagglutinating activity. No correlation was found between the amount or specific activity of the agglutinin and the relative virulence of the strain as known from studies of other investigators. The amoeba strain which had the highest agglutinin content was HK-9 (Table 3). Strains HM-1 and 200:NIH, however, are known to be more virulent, as determined by their enhanced ability to form abscesses in the livers of newly born hamsters (Mattern & Keister 1977) as well as by their cytotoxic effect on baby hamster kidney cells (Bos 1979).

Components of this flora have been shown to degrade glycoproteins. Hoskins & Boulding (1 976) have presented evidence suggesting that the human intestine selects for indigenous bacteria that are capable of utilizing blood-group-specific glycoproteins of the host. Systemic infections with Bacteroides species are known to bring about phenotypic changes in a patient’s blood group (Tor Tk polyagglutination) by cleaving terminal sugar residues on the red blood cells (Inglis et a1 1975). There can be no doubt, then, that the nature ofhost cell receptors in areasnormally inhabited by an indigenous microflora must be determined t o a considerable extent by the activities of that flora.

1% w/v) are suitable for these purposes. Adhesion of E. histolytica trophozoites to mammalian cells The amoeba lectin seems to play an important role in the initial attachment of the amoeba to mammalian cells. The adhesion of red blood cells to the surfaces of intact amoeba trophozoites (Fig. 1A) can be prevented if chitin oligosaccharide haptens ADHESION PROPERTIES OF ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA 25 FIG. 3. Scanning electron micrograph showing the adherence of trophozoites of E. histolytica to a monolayer of human intestinal cells (Henle 407).

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