China's West Region Development: Domestic Strategies and by Ding Lu, William A W Neilson

By Ding Lu, William A W Neilson

Within the final twenty years, China's western inland sector has mostly been skipped over of the nation's financial increase. whereas its 355-million inhabitants debts for 28% and its land quarter for seventy one% of China's overall, the region's percentage of the nationwide GDP is lower than 20%. considering 1999, Beijing has carried out the West China improvement application to spice up the region's development. to check the foremost household matters and the worldwide implications of this application, the college of Victoria's Centre for Asia-Pacific projects geared up and hosted a multidisciplinary foreign convention on March 6-8, 2003. This quantity of papers awarded on the convention bargains views at the concerns by means of top specialists of various educational disciplines from China, Canada, the U.S., and different international locations.

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For the 592 impoverished counties defined by the State Council in the poverty-alleviation taskforce program, eco-environment deterioration and lack of resources are the leading causes of poverty. As for China's six major impoverished areas, albeit not completely disadvantaged in geographic location and climate, most of them are located in China's ecologically vulnerable areas. In these areas, the natural environment changes frequently and dramatically, the ecological system's responding capacity is relatively weak, and the environment deterioration is quite universal.

Whether or not the eastern region should directly make eco-compensation to the western region is still a controversial issue in China. The urgent need to establish the measuring criteria for "environment value" Is the program of green poverty-alleviation and ecology compensation worthwhile? In absence of the awareness of the "environment value" and the "social cost", it is hard to make a reasonable judgement. The fact that the value of environment, especially the value of its ecological functions, cannot be put in the form of market value or calculated into gross national Zheng Yuxin and Qian Yihong 39 product (GNP) is a major reason that people can not comprehend the necessity of ecology compensation.

References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Chen Fan (1998). "Some Problems Regarding Poverty in China", Countryside Digest, No. 9. Tang Jun (1999). "An Analysis of the Situation of Poverty and Counter-Poverty in China," The Year of 1999: Analysis and Forecast of China's Social Situation, Social Scientific Document Publisher House, January. Fu Min (ed) (1996). Chinese Government's Action to Alleviate Poverty, Hubei Scientific and Technological Publishing House. Li zhou and Sun Ruomei, et al (1997). Research on the Relations between the Development Model and Ecological Changes in China's Rural Areas, Shanxi Economic Publishing House.

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