By Michaela Kreyenfeld, Dirk Konietzka
This publication is released open entry lower than a CC through 4.0 license.
This open entry booklet presents an summary of childlessness all through Europe. It bargains a suite of papers written via prime demographers and sociologists that learn contexts, reasons, and results of childlessness in nations in the course of the region.The ebook beneficial properties info from all over the place Europe. It particularly highlights styles of childlessness in Germany, France, the uk, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. an extra bankruptcy on childlessness within the usa places the eu adventure in point of view. The ebook deals readers such insights because the determinants of lifelong childlessness, no matter if governments can and will counteract expanding childlessness, how the phenomenon differs throughout social strata and the position financial uncertainties play. additionally, the booklet additionally examines existence direction dynamics and biographical styles, assisted copy in addition to the implications of childlessness. Childlessness has been expanding quickly in such a lot ecu international locations in fresh a long time. This ebook bargains readers professional research into this factor from best specialists within the box of relations habit. From motives to results, it explores the various points of childlessness all through Europe to give a accomplished portrait of this significant demographic and sociological pattern.
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Extra info for Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences
Notes: European average is an average level of childlessness in all countries for which data were available in a given year. The regional data are unweighted averages based on selected countries for which longer time series of data were available. The selected countries are as follows: western Europe: Belgium, England and Wales, Ireland, and the Netherlands; Nordic countries: Finland, Norway, and Sweden; southern Europe: Italy and Spain; central Europe: Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia; eastern and south-eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia (Sources: detailed sources by country are listed in Appendix 1) summary indicators of cross-country heterogeneity in childlessness in Europe in selected cohorts born between 1900 and 1968 (Fig.
Several countries, including Germany and the United Kingdom, have only recently started collecting data on biological birth order. Childlessness estimates derived from the period data are also very sensitive to the quality of birth order statistics. Data quality problems, such as a high share of births with an unknown birth order, the publication of the birth order for 5-year age groups only (this practice was common in the past in some of the countries of the former Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union), and the incorrect or inconsistent reporting of biological birth order (this practice is common in France) make the resulting cohort childlessness estimates volatile and often useless.
Childlessness estimates derived from the period data are also very sensitive to the quality of birth order statistics. Data quality problems, such as a high share of births with an unknown birth order, the publication of the birth order for 5-year age groups only (this practice was common in the past in some of the countries of the former Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union), and the incorrect or inconsistent reporting of biological birth order (this practice is common in France) make the resulting cohort childlessness estimates volatile and often useless.