By Marcelo J. Borges
Why did migrants from southern Portugal opt for Argentina rather than following the normal route to Brazil? beginning with this question, this ebook explores how, on the flip of the 20th century, rural Europeans built special circuits of transatlantic exertions migration associated with diversified immigrant groups within the Americas. It appears to be like at transoceanic strikes within the greater context of migration structures, analyzing their connections and the the most important position of social networks in migrants' geographic mobility and version. Combining neighborhood and native views on either side of the Atlantic, Chains of Gold presents a brilliant account of the trajectories of migrant women and men as they moved from rural Portugal to contrasting areas of cost within the Argentine pampas and Patagonia.
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Additional info for Chains of Gold: Portuguese Migration to Argentina in Transatlantic Perspective (Studies in Global Social History)
36 It is this book’s objective to contribute to larger discussions about ‘migration’ without losing sight of the ‘migrants’ themselves. 36 Josephine Tey [Elizabeth MacKintosh], The Daughter of Time (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988 ), 46. CHAPTER TWO MIGRATION IN CONTEXT: SOCIETY, ECONOMY, AND POPULATION IN RURAL ALGARVE Social scientists Léon Poinsard and Paul Descamps, disciples of Fréderic Le Play and members of the group who published the journal La Science Sociale, visited Portugal in the early twentieth century.
One of the cases discussed by Léon Poinsard in his analysis of the Algarve was a family in the rural parish of Conceição, located in the county of Faro. This family owned about two hectares of nonirrigated land where they grew olives, almonds, carobs, and other trees as well as some barley and wheat in the terrain between the trees. They also rented a small irrigated plot in a larger farm, where they grew vegetables. The family sold part of its production in the market of Faro. 3 In the 1930s, Paul Descamps described similar arrangements in a family of small farmers in the nearby county of Loulé.
See Francisco D’Almeida de Bivar Weinholtz, Memória sobre a economia rural da 9ª região agronómica (Tavira: Tipografia Burocrática, 1891), 43, and Louro, O livro de Alportel, 84–5. 22 The Serra of Tavira provides a good example of such a development. In 1502, King Dom Manuel granted jurisdiction over this area to the câmara (municipal council) of Tavira which, in turn, distributed the land to renters. In 1645, the rights over the area were rented by the câmara to a local military commander. Finally, in 1722, King Dom José granted the settlers of the Serra of Tavira full property over the land they worked.