Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy by Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler,

By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis

Civil wars allure less recognition than foreign wars yet they're changing into more and more universal and usually pass on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations turn into steadily more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more uncomplicated. the place improvement fails international locations can develop into trapped in a vicious circle: conflict wrecks the economic climate and raises the danger of additional battle. This new global financial institution coverage study record demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an schedule for worldwide motion.

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IDP women are known to be at higher risk of dying from pregnancy related causes due to lack of access to health services and life in stressful conditions. A survey conducted by UNFPA and the implementing agencies in 1999 with 710 men and women in IDP camps and peri- urban areas of Matala, Chibia, Lubango, Lobito, Baia Farta and Benguela indicated that there is: (1) very poor attendance of pregnant women; (2) a lack of knowledge about child spacing and sexuality issues, among men and women; (3) little use of family planning methods; (4) little knowledge about STDs/AIDS; and, (5) an overall expectation of large family size.

However, the constituency for action to prevent war is potentially much larger than this, because civil war has spillover effects for both neighboring countries and the entire international community. This chapter first considers the neighborhood effects and then turns to the global effects. Neighborhood Effects of Civil War P EACEFUL COUNTRIES THAT ARE ADJACENT TO COUNTRIES EN- gaged in civil war suffer from direct and long-term effects caused by the civil wars of their neighbors. Economic Spillovers Civil wars are not only costly for the countries in which they are fought, but for the entire region.

In all these wars Hutu-Tutsi antagonism was predominant (Ngaruko and Nkurunziza 2002; Prunier 1995). This recurrent ethnic conflict crossed borders and lasted over time, being at the core of around seven episodes of civil war in the two countries. Countries embroiled in civil war also often provide a safe haven for rebel groups of other countries. The wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone alternately served these purposes for the other country’s rebel groups (Davies and Fofana 2002). 40 L E T T H E M F I G H T I T O U T A M O N G T H E M S E LV E S ?

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