Aging and Cognition: Knowledge Organization and Utilization by F.G.A. Stone and Robert West (Eds.)

By F.G.A. Stone and Robert West (Eds.)

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Others have found that object cues sometimes facilitate and sometimes impair recall. Although the elimination of age differences in SFT recall can not be attributed to the provision of object cues, there is evidence to suggest that the presence of objects has other important interactive effects. Object cues improve recall in the absence of other cues, but not when other cues are present. There are two important implications from this cue interaction. First, it suggests that the visual cues provided by objects are less powerful relative to motor and organizational cues.

Such a pattern might emerge if we were to model the cognitive processing for a given task as a collection of processing mechanisms. Suppose, for example, that we could represent the task of remembering a list of words a s (ITEM ENCODING, INTENTEM CHUNKING, CHUNK RETRIEVAL, ITEM RETRIEVAL). g.. frog, grass, train, bell. g.. ) that we did not give to the Control Group, we would find that the Experlmental Group would remember more words than the Control Group (cf. Einstein h Hunt, 1980, Experiment 2).

The relevant stimulus properties are not the same for word recall and activity recall. Activity memory studies have provided new data on the influence of multimodal cues: the investigation of modality cues is an important area of research which the traditional verbal recall literature cannot readily address. Activity memory also represents a task which is not influenced in the same way as verbal recall is influenced by strategic processing. In addition, activity memory research has valuable practical significance since memory for activities has been identified as a common problem for elderly -- Activity Memory 27 adults.

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