By Elisabeth Carniel (auth.), Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida, Nilma Cintra Leal (eds.)
This e-book is a set of articles written by means of favourite scientists who accumulated within the urban of Recife, Brazil, 23-27 October 2010, celebrating the tenth overseas Symposium on Yersinia. the development is held each 4 years in a distinct kingdom and for the Yersinia 2010, an engaging and up-to-date software overlaying advances in learn in Yersiniae used to be prepared. the most important advances accomplished over the last 4 years because the final symposium held in Lexington, united states in 2006 have been divided into 8 chapters: Epidemiology, scientific, Diagnostic and healing elements; Ecology and Modeling; Genomic/Transcriptomics and massive Scale inhabitants; Immune reaction and Vaccine; Pathogenesis and Pathogenicity components; mobile Yersiniology; Bacterial constitution and Metabolism: Roles in Pathogenesis and Bacterial life-style. the aim of the e-book is to increase leading edge wisdom on Yersinia mentioned throughout the tenth foreign Symposium.
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Additional info for Advances in Yersinia Research
1982), or meliodosis (Mollaret 1988). 2 Teaching Prof. Mollaret had a long teaching record that started in 1964–1965 with a course of Bacteriology that he gave at the School of Medicine, at the University of Paris. In 1976 he got the chair of Professor of Bacteriology at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris. In 1977, he became head of the Course of “Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases” at the Institut Pasteur. The following year, he also took over the responsibility of the course of “Systematic Bacteriology” at the Institut Pasteur.
2 Evolutionary Dynamics of the Yersinia enterocolitica Complex 19 Fig. 1 Phylogeny of the Y. enterocolitica species. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic inference of the Y. enterocolitica species. Biotype 1A strains are indicated by blue circles, Biotype 1B strains by red circles, Biotype 5 strains by orange circles, Biotype 4 O:3 strains by purple circles, Biotype 3 O:5,27 strains by yellow circles, and Biotype 2 and Biotype 3 O:9 strains by green circles The resulting phylogenetic tree shows clearly that the reference genome created for each biotype is perfectly indicative of the genomic content for that biotype, and that these can be considered as reference genomes for each of the Y.
However the phylogenetic relationship between high, low, and non-pathogenic Y. enterocolitica is still not fully understood, nor is the genetic variation across the species. To address this a representative isolate from each biotype which had been previously extensively characterised both phenotypically and genotypically (Howard et al. 2006; McNally et al. 2006; Thomson et al. 2006) was sequenced using a combination of 454, Illumina and Sanger sequencing to create a reference genome for each Y.