Activists, Alliances, and Anti-U.S. Base Protests by Andrew Yeo

By Andrew Yeo

No different nation continues a world army presence reminiscent of the us. but outdoors the USA, substantial debate exists approximately what this presence is ready and the way good it serves nationwide and worldwide pursuits. Anti-U.S. base protests, performed out in parliaments and the streets of host international locations, proceed to come up in several elements of the area. In a singular process fusing diplomacy idea with social move views, this ebook examines the influence of anti-base pursuits and the $64000 function bilateral alliance relationships play in shaping flow results. the writer explains not just whilst and the way anti-base pursuits topic, but additionally how host governments stability among family and overseas strain on base-related concerns. Drawing on interviews with activists, politicians, coverage makers, and U.S. base officers within the Philippines, Japan (Okinawa), Ecuador, Italy, and South Korea, the writer reveals that the protection and international coverage rules held by means of host govt elites act as a political chance or barrier for anti-base events, influencing their skill to problem in another country U.S. basing regulations.

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Finally, Chapter 7 summarizes the findings presented in the book. I also evaluate the security consensus framework by discussing competing explanations in the base politics literature, highlighting both points of tension and areas of complement. I conclude by providing insights for anti-base activists and drawing lessons for policymakers on basing strategy in the post-9/11 period. S. base somewhere around the world at this very moment. Do these pockets of protest, varying in size, shape, and form, make any difference in base politics?

For example, peace activists identify military bases as instruments of war and imperialism. Supporting local anti-base struggles or joining a broad anti-base coalition provides anti-war groups with another means of promoting their group’s particular agenda, with the added advantage of a direct target around which to organize protests. Likewise, environmental groups pushing for more stringent standards or environmental cleanup after base closures join anti-base coalitions to advocate their agenda while supporting local anti-base initiatives.

To counter regime type explanations, I must demonstrate that the security consensus affects elite response to domestic base opposition irrespective of regime type. 25 For the security consensus framework to hold up against Cooley’s argument, the empirical cases need to demonstrate that major domestic opposition to bases and base policy changes were determined by anti-base movement pressure under conditions of weak security consensus rather than weak domestic political institutions. Conversely, the stability of base agreements should derive from the security consensus rather than the contractual credibility of political institutions under democracies.

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