By American College of Sports Medicine
Constructed via the yank collage of activities drugs, this article bargains a accomplished creation to the fundamentals of power education and conditioning in line with the most recent study findings. ACSM's Foundations of power education and Conditioning is split into 4 components: Foundations, Physiological Responses and variations, power education and Conditioning software layout, and Assessment. The textual content makes a speciality of sensible functions, permitting scholars to enhance, enforce, and verify the result of education courses which are designed to optimize energy, strength, and athletic performance. Moreover, the text’s transparent, simple writing sort makes it effortless to understand new concepts.
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Additional resources for ACSM's Foundations of Strength Training and Conditioning (American College of Sports Med)
The moment arm of resistance can be manipulated many ways to alter exercise performance. The human body acts as a system of levers (Fig. 7). A lever is used to overcome a large resistance and is used to enhance speed and ROM. A lever is made up of a fulcrum (pivot point), resistance, and force. The distance from the fulcrum to the concentration of the resistance is the resistance arm whereas as the distance from the fulcrum to the concentration of the force is the force or effort arm. The relative location of each determines what type of lever is present.
In skeletal muscle, stored elastic energy can be lost as heat energy. Although elastic energy enhances performance, heat energy provides very little to no ergogenic effects. Subsequently, force and power can be reduced in proportion to the length of the pause between muscle actions. This has been shown to occur during resistance exercise (37). Maximizing SSC activity entails performing ballistic muscle actions with minimal time lapse between ECC and CON muscle actions. Lastly, SSC activity is reduced following periods of high-intensity static stretching (34).
MOMENT ARMS AND TENDON INSERTION The location of a muscle’s tendon insertion into bone is another factor contributing to maximal strength expression. The distance from the joint center to the point of tendon insertion represents the moment arm of muscle force, or the effort arm. A tendon inserted slightly further away from the joint poses a mechanical advantage for force production whereas insertion closer to the joint is more advantageous for speed. An athlete with a longer force arm has the ability to lift more weight but at the expense of speed.