A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador by Robert J. Alexander

By Robert J. Alexander

This quantity lines the historical past of equipped hard work in Peru and Ecuador from its first visual appeal within the overdue 19th century till the top of the 20 th century. It discusses the kinfolk of alternate unionism with fiscal improvement and politics, quite the political trends inside of geared up exertions. It additionally discusses the damaging effect at the alternate union flow of the loose enterprise-free exchange rules of the final many years of the 20 th century.

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116 While in Europe, Mariátegui became a Marxist. Upon his return to Peru, he did not commit himself in his teaching or writing to any position on the question of Leguía, but Mariátegui gathered around himself a group of young left-wing intellectuals of various political ideologies. Under Mariátegui’s leadership, the periodical Amauta was founded. It included among its contributors people who later became Communists and many who did not. These included Haya de la Torre, Carlos Mauel Cox, Magda Portal, Manuel Seoane, Luis Alberto Sánchez, Manuel Vázquez Díaz, and others who became Apristas.

174 The final step toward unity was taken on May 1944, when a demonstration was held in the General Cemetery of Lima in front of the tombs of Manuel González Prada and José Mariátegui. During the speeches, the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú was declared to be in existence. Afterward, who was given credit for this proclamation depended on who was recounting what happened. 176 The Confederación de Trabajadores de Peru was dominated by the Communists in its early days, with Juan P. 178 It is certain that during the Prado regime the Communists worked closely with the administration.

132 The confederación took the lead in organization of national federations. 134 There was a great deal of controversy over the origin of the petroleum workers’ groups. 136 Fernández Stoll, who later headed the government’s Labor Directorate, believed that it was the Apristas who first Organized Labor in Peru through 1948 21 organized both the miners’ and petroleum workers’ federations. 137 Judging from the political dominance that the Partido Socialista of Luciano Castillo gained in the petroleum area, it seems likely that the Socialists had a major part in organizing these workers.

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