A Companion to Latin American History by Thomas H. Holloway

By Thomas H. Holloway

The Companion to Latin American History collects the paintings of top specialists within the box to create a single-source assessment of the varied historical past and present traits within the learn of Latin America.

  • Presents a cutting-edge evaluate of the historical past of Latin America
  • Written by way of the head overseas specialists within the field
  • 28 chapters come jointly as a superlative unmarried resource of knowledge for students and students
  • Recognizes the breadth and variety of Latin American background via supplying systematic chronological and geographical coverage
  • Covers either ancient traits and new parts of interest

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Lapa do Boquete, Santana do Riacho), and open-air sites such as Pena Roja in the tropical lowlands of Colombia, it indicates that people gave equal or more emphasis to plant gathering and possibly manipulation than the exploitation of game animals. ), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) (Piperno & Pearsall 1998) also exist in the Central Andes, which suggests very early plant manipulation and dependency. Just as the effects of expanding global systems have generated new interest in relationships between societies formerly conceived as occupying different rungs of a developmental social ladder, there should be more study of the applicability of different plant uses by specialized terrestrial hunters and maritime fishermen and gatherers (exploiting seaweed and other aquatic plants) and by generalized hunters and gatherers and of the relationships between these different, at times, coexisting economic groups from 12,000 to 9,000 years ago.

The decipherment of Mesoamerican scripts has advanced considerably, and scholars of the Maya script are now able to understand much of what the ancient scribes set down (Macri & Ford 1997; Houston et al. 2001). It appears that Mesoamerican writing developed within a tradition of recitational literacy – in other words, the texts were meant to be read aloud. Specialists have advanced the idea that the screenfold format of Mesoamerican books facilitated the oral reading of the text, and that these readings were part of a larger performance, which included poetic language, drama, and dancing.

Cortés himself depended on Mesoamerican allies to carry out his conquest (Hassig 2005, Seed, this volume). When he set off for Honduras in 1524 he had with him some 300 Europeans, but also 3,000 Mexican allies. The Tlaxcalans, who enjoyed a special status in Spanish law due to their early alliance with Cortés and their continued loyalty to the Spanish regime, were key figures in the colony, and Tlaxcalan populations were resettled to troublesome frontiers to provide stability. Without denying the fact that Mesoamerican people were increasingly incorporated into the colonial and later Atlantic economy, Spanish law invested property rights in indigenous communities and placed many administrative functions in the hands of community members, which tended to reinforce communal identities.

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